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Table 3 Factors associated with iodine deficiency among pregnant women attending ANC service at University of Gondar Referral Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 378)

From: Two-thirds of pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic at the University of Gondar Hospital are found with subclinical iodine deficiency, 2017

Variables Urine iodine status Crude odds ratio (COR) Adjusted odds ratio (AOR)
Deficient Not deficient
Husband employment
 Governmental 81 63 0.54 (0.28, 1.01) 0.42 (0.20, 0.87)**
 Merchant 54 34 0.67 (0.33, 1.33) 0.57 (0.26, 1.26)
 Farmer 24 17 0.59 (0.26, 1.35) 0.58 (0.22, 1.56)
 Daily laborer 25 16 0.65 (0.28, 1.5) 0.72 (0.28, 1.83)
 Unemployed 45 19 1.00 1.00
Trimester
 First trimester 35 21 1.36 (0.67, 2.62) 1.3 (0.65, 2.72)
 Second trimester 77 27 2.4 (1.4, 4.11) 2.43 (1.37, 4.32)**
 Third trimester 117 101 1.00 1.00
Gravidity
 Primi-gravida 158 29 1.54 (0.77, 3.09)  
 Multigravida 71 101 1.00  
Parity
 Nulliparous 97 79 1.00  
 Para one 72 33 1.50 (0.73, 3.09)  
 Multiparous 60 37 1.05 (0.48, 2.30)  
Cabbage consumption
 ≤ 1/week 73 73 1.00 1.00
 ≥ 2 times/week 156 76 2.05 (1.34, 3.13) 2.35 (1.44, 3.82)***
Sorghum consumption in the previous 1 week
 Yes 89 46 1.42 (0.9, 2.2) *
 No 140 103 1.00 1.00
Maize consumption in the previous 1 week
 Yes 129 45 1.00 1.00
 No 100 104 0.33 (0.21, 0.51) 0.29 (0.18, 0.48)***
Toilet
 Flush to piped sewer 72 54 1.00  
 Flush to septic tank 20 8 1.8 (0.76, 4.57)  
 Ventilate improved Pit (VIP) latrine 60 26 1.7 (0.96, 3.09)  
 VIP without slab 45 43 0.7 (0.45, 1.35)  
 Open field 32 18 1.3 (0.67, 2.62)  
Wealth index
 Richest 35 40 1.00 1.00
 Rich 46 30 1.(0.91, 3.34) 1.56 (0.76, 3.22)
 Middle 47 26 2 (1.06, 3.9) 1.88 (0.88, 3.97)
 Poorer 52 23 2.5 (1.32, 5.04) 2.7 (1.24, 5.89)**
 Poorest 49 30 1.8 (0.98, 3.540 1.38 (0.65, 2.91)
  1. 1.00 reference category
  2. *** p value < 0.001
  3. ** p value < 0.01
  4. * p-value < 0.05