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TableĀ 1 Detailed tabulated presentation of clusters of medical students

From: Exploring clusters of defense styles, psychiatric symptoms and academic achievements among medical students: a cross-sectional study in Pakistan

Variable High achievers Low achievers
Size 243 134
Exam grades High achievers (100%) Low achievers (100%)
Mature 5.71 5.43
Immature 4.92 5.09
Neurotic 5.92 5.79
Sublimation 5.47 5.01
Humor 5.77 5.52
Anticipation 6.19 6.09
Suppression 6.19 6.09
Undoing 5.99 6.06
Pseudo-altruism 6.28 5.98
Idealization 5.91 5.5
Reaction formation 5.5 5.32
Projection 4.5 5.0
Passive aggression 4.58 4.84
Acting out 5.43 5.88
Isolation 5.51 5.54
Devaluation 3.95 4.15
Autistic fantasy 5.33 5.29
Denial 4.16 4.05
Displacement 4.3 5.21
Dissociation 4.48 4.56
Splitting 5.22 5.31
Rationalization 6.34 5.78
Somatization 5.18 5.41
Depression Normal (76.5%) Normal (65.7%)
Anxiety Borderline (36.2%) Severe (44.8%)