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Table 2 Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis of risk factors for falls (N = 382)

From: Impact of blindness due to cataract in elderly fallers: findings from a cross-sectional study in Andhra Pradesh, South India

Factors Total sample Fall n (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) p value Adjusted OR (95% CI)b p value
Age (years)
 < 60 79 11 (13.9) 1.00   1.00  
 ≥ 60 303 59 (19.5) 1.50 (0.75, 3.01) 0.259 1.30 (0.61, 2.74) 0.495
Gender
 Male 180 29 (16.1) 1.00   1.00  
 Female 202 41 (20.3) 1.33 (0.79, 2.24) 0.292 1.25 (0.71, 2.21) 0.439
Education status
 Literate 194 31 (16.0) 1.00   1.00  
 Illiterate 187 39 (20.9) 1.39 (0.82, 2.33) 0.220 1.03 (0.58, 1.84) 0.921
Economic status
 Middle and upper 30 1 (3.3) 1.00   1.00  
 Lower and extremely poor 348 68 (19.5) 7.04 (0.94, 52.62) 0.057 7.85 (0.99, 62.09) 0.051
Systemic illness
 No 271 42 (15.5) 1.00   1.00  
 Yes 111 28 (25.2) 1.84 (1.07, 3.16) 0.027 2.06 (1.17, 3.62) 0.012
Blindness (Indian definition)
 ≥ 6/60 255 38 (14.9) 1.00   1.00  
 < 6/60 124 31 (25.0) 1.90 (1.12, 3.24) 0.018 1.76 (1.02, 3.04)b 0.042
Blindness (WHO definition)a
 ≥ 3/60 363 61 (16.8) 1.00   1.00  
 < 3/60 15 8 (53.3) 5.66 (1.98, 16.18) 0.001 5.98 (1.99, 17.98) 0.001
  1. Unadjusted OR, unadjusted odds ratio; adjusted OR, adjusted odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence intervals; WHO, World Health Organization
  2. aReplaced in the logistic regression model
  3. bThe Hosmer–Lemeshow test statistics indicates good fit of the model: χ2 = 8.804 and p = 0.359