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Table 2 Associated factors of UTI among pregnant women (n = 169) visiting health institutions in Goba and Sinana Woredas, Southeast Ethiopia, 2014

From: Bacterial profile, antibiotic susceptibility pattern and associated factors among pregnant women with Urinary Tract Infection in Goba and Sinana Woredas, Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia

Associated factors Total n (%) Urinary tract infection
Positive no (%) Negative no (%) Crude OR (95% CI) P value
Gravidity
 1st 61 (36.1) 16 (26.2) 45 (73.8) 0.74 [0.31–1.77] 0.346
 2nd 53 (31.4) 11 (20.8) 42 (79.2) 0.86 [0.31–2.38]
 3rd 30 (17.8) 7 (23.3) 23 (76.7) 0.88 [0.70–5.01]
 ≥ 4 25 (14.8) 10 (40) 15 (60) 1
Gestational age
 1st trimester 8 (4.7) 3 (37.5) 5 (62.5) 0.54 [0.11–2.63] 0.743
 2nd trimester 45 (26.6) 11 (24.4) 34 (75.6) 0.58 [0.13–2.58]
 3rd trimester 116 (68.7) 30 (25.9) 86 (74.1) 1
Diabetes status
 No 159 (94.1) 42 (26.4) 117 (73.6) 0.70 [0.14–3.41] 0.655
 DK 10 (5.9) 2 (20) 8 (80) 1
Hypertension status
 Yes 4 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 4 (100) 5.84 [0.62–7.99] 0.966
 No 162 (95.9) 43 (26.5) 119 (73.5) 8.10 [0.87–15.09]
 DK 3 (1.8) 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7) 1
Kidney problem
 Yes 22 (13) 10 (45.5) 12 (54.5) 2.77 [1.61–7.97] 0.030
 No 147 (87) 34 (23.1) 113 (76.9) 1
Gynecological surgery
 Yes 6 (3.6) 0 (0.0) 6 (100) 5.97 [0.23–8.19] 0.999
 No 163 (96.4) 44 (27) 119 (73) 1
Current tooth or mouth problem
 Yes 24 (14.2) 5 (20.8) 19 (79.2) 1.40 [0.49–4.00] 0.532
 No 145 (85.8) 39 (26.9) 106 (73.1) 1
At least two symptoms
 Yes 51 (30.2) 18 (35.3) 33 (64.7) 0.52 [1.25–1.97] 0.074
 No 118 (69.8) 26 (22) 92 (78) 1
Prolonged antibiotic therapy
 Yes 12 (7.1) 2 (16.7) 10 (83.3) 1.83 [0.38–8.68] 0.449
 No 157 (92.9) 42 (26.8) 115 (73.2) 1
Urinary catheterization
 Yes 2 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 2 (100) 5.78 [1.14–9.89] 0.999
 No 167 (98.8) 44 (26.3) 123 (73.7) 1
HIV status
 Yes 9 (5.3) 2 (22.2) 7 (77.8) 1.22 [0.24–6.12] 0.853
 No 151 (89.4) 39 (25.8) 112 (74.2) 1.75 [0.22–14.22]
 DK 9 (5.3) 3 (33.3) 6 (46.7) 1
STI
 Yes 7 (4.1) 2 (28.6) 5 (71.4) 0.82 [0.15–4.40] 0.309
 No 154 (91.3) 38 (24.7) 116 (75.3) 2.50 [0.29–21.40]
 DK 8 (4.7) 4 (50) 4 (50) 1
  1. DK don’t know