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Table 1 Optimal number of times that students and teachers said they thought it was necessary to repeat a procedure in order to achieve the learning outcome (* p < 0.05 between students and teachers)

From: Mismatch between student and tutor evaluation of training needs: a study of traumatology rotations

Competences Learning outcomes Optimal values Compared to optimal value of
Students Teachers Observed value Students Teachers
1. Recognize injuries, assessment and consequences Assessment of wound severity 6.39 ± 4.41 8.69 ± 6.89* 1.72 ± 2.12 Lower* Lower +
Fracture diagnosis 7.63 ± 5.74 11.19 ± 9.49* 5.55 ± 3.64 Lower* Lower +
Diagnosis of ligament injuries 8.32 ± 6.70 10.15 ± 6.35 1.72 ± 2.12 Lower* Lower +
Diagnosis of muscle lesions 8.58 ± 6.41 7.85 ± 5.53 0.51 ± 1.06 Lower* Lower +
Diagnosis of tendinopathy 8.66 ± 5.86 9.60 ± 5.66 0.85 ± 1.37 Lower* Lower +
2. Identify lesions during physical examination Assessment of omalgia 7.27 ± 5.38 8.67 ± 6.08 7.59 ± 7.16 NS NS
Assessment of gonalgia/coxalgia 7.39 ± 6.03 8.96 ± 6.31 21.95 ± 13.57 Higher* Higher +
Assessment of cervical/back pain 7.45 ± 6.06 7.37 ± 5.45 10.32 ± 12.92 Higher* Higher +
Assessment of lumbar pain 7.51 ± 6.13 7.90 ± 6.05 5.68 ± 7.81 Lower* Lower
Examination of ankle and foot 7.10 ± 4.99 7.92 ± 5.26 12.34 ± 9.49 Higher* Higher +
Examination of elbow, wrist and hand 8.34 ± 5.73 9.85 ± 7.07 10.77 ± 9.72 Higher* NS
Examination of backbone: scoliosis/kifosis/lordosis 8.05 ± 5.35 9.75 ± 6.59 2.26 ± 3.14 Lower* Lower +
3. Recognize lesions using imaging techniques Reading X-rays 8.83 ± 8.83 12.90 ± 15.67 60.45 ± 38.51 Higher* Higher +
Reading magnetic resonance images 11.00 ± 11.00 16.73 ± 15.94* 22.23 ± 17.03 Higher* Higher +
Reading computerized axial tomography images 10.17 ± 10.17 14.15 ± 10.99* 5.42 ± 7.69 Lower* Higher +
4. Orthopaedic treatment of lesions (non surgical, supervised) Evaluation of immobilizations 7.96 ± 6.65 10.27 ± 8.96 5.66 ± 5.42 Lower* Lower +
Healing of wounds 6.38 ± 8.36 8.65 ± 6.81* 14.39 ± 10.20 Higher* Higher +
Performing articular infiltration 9.90 ± 7.61 9.02 ± 7.32 0.76 ± 1.47 Lower* Lower +
5. Observe and assist in surgical treatments Assisting in the operating room 6.56 ± 5.89 6.94 ± 4.42 8.38 ± 3.52 Higher* Higher +
Surgical washing 8.14 ± 7.42 8.67 ± 5.97 4.24 ± 3.12 Lower* Lower +
Suture of wounds in the emergency unit 13.00 ± 12.52 18.10 ± 19.48 7.27 ± 3.47 Lower* Lower
  1. The observed value shows the actual number of times that the procedures are performed during the hospital internship. The last two columns compare the optimal value with the observed value, both for students and teachers. * p < 0.05 vs optimal mean of students; + p < 0.05 vs optimal mean of teachers; NS not significant