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Table 2 Distribution of VFs and resistance genes in E. coli isolates

From: Escherichia coli bacteriuria in pregnant women in Ghana: antibiotic resistance patterns and virulence factors

Age 1st trimester 2nd trimester 3rd trimester
Resist. genes Tested Vfs (no. of positives) Resist. genes Tested Vfs (no. of positives) Resist. genes Tested Vfs (no. of positives)
13–19 Bla TEM iutA, irp, papC, FyuA(1) BlaTEM, int1 irp, traT, FyuA(1) BlaTEM, int1, aphA2 iutA, irp, papC, FyuA(1)
    Bla TEM iutA, iha, irp, traT(1) Bla TEM iutA, iron, iha, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)
    int1 iutA, papA, iha, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1) Bla TEM iron, ire, papA, iha, irp, papC, FyuA(1)
20–29 irp, traT(1) Bla TEM iha, irp, traT(1) iha, irp(1)
  Bla TEM iutA, iron, ire, papG1(1) BlaTEM, int1 irp(1) Bla TEM -(2)
  int1 iutA, papA, iha, irp, traT(1), BlaTEM, int1 traT(1) Bla TEM iutA, hra, iha, irp, FyuA(1)
  BlaTEM, int1 iutA, ompT, papG1, irp, traT(1) iha, ompT(1) Bla TEM iutA, papG1, irp, traT, FyuA(2)
  int1 iutA, sfa, hra, iron, iha, ompT, irp2, traT(1) Bla TEM irp, traT, FyuA(1) Bla TEM iutA, ompT, irp, papC, FyuA(1)
  int2 iutA, sfa, iron, iha, kpsMTII(1) Bla TEM iutA, traT, FyuA(1) BlaTEM, int1 iutA, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)
   irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)     
  int2 iutA, sfa, papA, iron, papA Bla TEM iha, irp, traT(1) Bla TEM iron, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)
   Iha, irp, papC, FyuA(1) BlaTEM, int1 iutA, irp, iuC(1) BlaTEM, aphA2 iutA, ompT, irp, traT, FyuA(1)
    iutA, ompT, irp, traT(1) Bla TEM iutA, ompT, irp, iuc, papC, FyuA(1)
    iutA, hra, ire, traT(1) Bla TEM iutA, iron, ompT, irp, papC, FyuA(1)
    BlaTEM, aphA2 kpsMTIII, irp, papC, FyuA(1) iutA, papA, iron, irp, papC, FyuA(1)
    Bla TEM iutA, iha, irp, FyuA(1) iutA, sfa, papA, iha, irp, papC, FyuA(1)
    Bla TEM ompT, irp, traT, usp(1) sfa, hra, iha, kpsMTII, irp, traT, FyuA(1)
    Bla TEM iha, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)   
    iutA, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)   
    Bla TEM iha, papG1, irp, papC, FyuA(1)   
    BlaTEM, aphA2 iutA, iron, ire, iha, ompT, traT, papC, FyuA(1)   
    BlaTEM, aphA2 iutA, iron, ire, iha, ompT, traT, papC, FyuA(1)   
    Bla TEM sfa, iron, ire, iha, irp, traT, hlyD, papC, FyuA(1)   
    0 iutA, sfa, iron, kpsMTIII, iha, ompT, traT, papC, FyuA(1)   
    Bla TEM sfa, iron, ire, papA, iha, irp, traT, hlyD, papC, FyuA(1)   
30–39 BlaTEM, int1 irp, traT, FyuA(1) Bla TEM irp(1) 0 iutA, irp, papC, FyuA(1)
  Bla TEM iutA, ompT, irp, papC, FyuA(1) iutA, iha(1) 0 iha, irp, traT, usp, FyuA(1)
    Bla TEM iutA, iron, iha(1) BlaTEM, int1 iutA, papG1, irp, papC, FyuA(1)
    Bla TEM iutA, iha, irp, traT(2) papA, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)
    iutA, ompT, irp, FyuA(1) Bla TEM iutA, ibe, ompT, kpsMTII, traT, FyuA(1)
    Bla TEM iutA, irp, iuC, papC, FyuA(1) BlaTEM, int1 iutA, ompT, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)
    Bla TEM iutA, ire, ompT, irp, traT(1) BlaTEM, aphA2 iutA, papA, ompT, irp, traT, FyuA(1)
      iutA, papA, iha, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)
40–49 irp, FyuA(1) Bla TEM iutA, papA, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)
      Bla TEM ire, papA, iha, irp, traT, papC, FyuA(1)
Total no. genes/ExPECs 9 12 25 30 18 25