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Table 1 Factors affecting knowledge of self-care among patients with diabetes at Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017

From: Self-care related knowledge, attitude, practice and associated factors among patients with diabetes in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, North Ethiopia

Variable Knowledge status COR, P-value AOR, P-value
Good N (%) Poor N (%)
Age in years
 18–35 72 (79.1) 19 (20.9) 1 1
 36–50 95 (76) 30 (24) 0.84 (0.44–1.60), P < 0.59 1.57 (0.46–5.37), P < 0.47
 51–65 55 (62.5) 33 (37.5) 0.44 (0.23–0.86), P < 0.02 1.16 (0.26–5.15), P < 0.85
 66 and above 16 (47) 18 (531) 0.24 (0.10–0.54), P < 0.001 0.39 (0.07–2.10), P < 0.27
Sex
 Female 86 (55.8) 68 (44.2) 1 1
 Male 152 (82.6) 32 (17.4) 3.76 (2.29–6.17), P < 0.00 2.71 (1.30–5.65), P < 0.01**
Level of education
 No formal education 40 (43.9) 51 (46.1) 1 1
 Primary school 65 (67.7) 31 (32.3) 2.67 (1.47–4.85), P < 0.001 1.06 (0.47–2.39), P < 0.88
 Secondary school 48 (85.7) 8 (14.3) 7.65 (3.25–17.99), P < 0.00 2.21 (0.74–6.57), P < 0.15
 Higher school 85 (89.5) 10 (10.5) 10.84 (4.99–23.52), P < 0.00 2.68 (0.95–7.57), P < 0.06
Residence
 Urban 204 (76.7) 62 (23.3) 3.68 (2.13–6.33), P < 0.00 3.37 (1.39–8.15), P < 0.01**
 Rural 34 (47.2) 38 (52.8) 1 1
Type of DM
 Type 1 78 (76.5) 24 (23.5) 1 1
 Type 2 160 (67.8) 76 (32.2) 0.65 (0.38–1.10), P < 0.11 1.20 (0.38–3.79), P < 0.75
Monthly income
 Low 94 (58.4) 67 (41.6) 1 1
 Medium 90 (87.4) 13 (12.6) 4.94 (2.55–9.55), P < 0.00 2.55 (1.15–5.65), P < 0.02**
 High 33 (89.2) 4 (10.8) 5.88 (1.99–17.38), P < 0.001 1.75 (0.47–6.51), P < 0.40
Marital status
 Single 47 (87) 7 (13) 1 1
 Married 166 (73.8) 59 (26.2) 0.42 (0.18–0.98), P < 0.44 0.45 (0.14–1.47), P < 0.17
 Divorced 11 (57.9) 8 (42.1) 0.21 (0.06–0.69), P < 0.01 0.40 (0.07–2.18), P < 0.29
 Widowed 14 (35) 26 (65) 0.08 (0.03–0.22), P < 0.00 0.15 (0.03–0.70), P < 0.02**
Co-morbidities
 Absent 164 (77) 49 (23) 1 1
 Present 74 (59.2) 51 (40.8) 0.43 (0.27–0.70), P < 0.001 0.64 (0.29–0.39), P < 0.26
Duration of diabetes
 1–5 years 127 (76.5) 39 (23.5) 1 1
 6–10 years 58 (63.7) 33 (36.3) 0.54 (0.31–0.94), P < 0.03 0.74 (0.34–1.58), P < 0.43
 11–15 years 36 (66.7) 18 (33.3) 0.61 (0.31–1.20), P < 0.15 0.87 (0.34–2.21), P < 0.78
 16 and above 17 (62.9) 10 (37.1) 0.52 (0.22–1.23), P < 0.14 0.85 (0.23–3.18), P < 0.81
  1. ** Shows statistically significant association