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Table 2 Factors affecting the attitude of self-care among patients with diabetes at Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017

From: Self-care related knowledge, attitude, practice and associated factors among patients with diabetes in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, North Ethiopia

Variable Attitude level COR, P-value AOR, P-value
Poor Good
Level of education
 No formal education 42 (46.1) 49 (53.9) 1 1
 Primary school 29 (30.2) 67 (69.8) 1.98 (1.09–3.61), P < 0.03 1.13 (0.53–2.40), P < 0.75
 Secondary school 16 (28.6) 40 (71.4) 2.14 (1.05–4.36), P < 0.04 1.03 (0.42–2.54), P < 0.95
 Higher school 13 (13.7) 82 (86.3) 5.41 (2.64–11.06), P < 0.00 1.77 (0.70–4.48), P < 0.23
Residence
 Urban 64 (24) 202 (76) 3.16 (1.84–5.42), P < 0.00 1.76 (0.84–3.69), P < 0.13
 Rural 36 (50) 36 (50) 1 1
Type of DM
 Type 1 36 (35.3) 66 (64.7) 1 1
 Type 2 64 (27.1) 172 (72.9) 1.47 (0.89–2.41), P < 0.13 1.15 (0.54–2.47), P < 0.71
Current medication
 Insulin injection 61 (33.7) 120 (66.3) 1 1
 Oral anti-diabetic drugs 33 (22.3) 115 (87.7) 1.77 (1.08–2.91), P < 0.02 1.45 (0.70–3.04), P < 0.32
 Both 6 (66.7) 3 (32.3) 0.25 (0.06–1.05), P < 0.06 0.06 (0.01–0.67), P < 0.02**
Monthly income
 Low 58 (36) 103 (64) 1 1
 Medium 19 (18.4) 84 (81.6) 2.49 (1.38–4.50), P < 0.003 1.84 (0.94–3.59), P < 0.075
 High 2 (5.4) 35 (94.6) 9.85 (2.29–42.47), P < 0.002 7.95 (1.54–41.12), P < 0.01**
  1. ** Shows statistically significant association