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Table 3 Factors affecting the self-care practice among patients with diabetes at Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017

From: Self-care related knowledge, attitude, practice and associated factors among patients with diabetes in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, North Ethiopia

Variables Self-care practice
Good Poor COR, P-value AOR, P-value
Age in years
 18–35 19 (18.9) 72 (79.1) 1 1
 36–50 38 (30.4) 87 (69.6) 1.65 (0.88–3.12), P < 0.12 0.88 (0.31–2.53), P < 0.8
 51–65 20 (22.7) 68 (77.3) 1.12 (0.55–2.27), P < 0.77 0.64 (0.20–2.11), P < 0.4
 66 and above 10 (29.4) 24 (70.6) 1.58 (0.65–3.86), P < 0.32 0.91 (0.23–3.61), P < 0.9
Sex
 Male 55 (35.9) 129 (74.1) 1 1
 Female 32 (20.8) 122 (79.2) 0.62 (0.99–2.68), P < 0.06 1.39 (0.72–2.69), P < 0.33
Level of education
 No formal education 11 (12.1) 80 (87.9) 1 1
 Primary school 12 (12.5) 84 (87.5) 1.04 (0.43–2.49), P < 0.93 0.48 (0.17–1.38), P < 0.17
 Secondary school 16 (28.6) 40 (71.4) 2.91 (1.24–6.85), P < 0.02 1.25 (0.42–3.74), P < 0.69
 Higher school 48 (50.5) 47 (49.5) 7.43 (3.52–15.69), P  < 0.00 2.65 (0.95–7.37), p < 0.06**
Type of DM
 Type 1 20 (19.6) 82 (80.4) 1 1
 Type 2 67 (28.4) 169 (71.6) 1.63 (0.92–2.86), P < 0.09 1.27 (0.41–3.91), P < 0.68
Religion
 Christian 71 (23.3) 234 (76.7) 1 1
 Muslim 16 (48.5) 17 (51.5) 3.10 (1.49–6.45), P < 0.002 3.14 (1.28–7.91), P < 0.02**
Monthly income
 Low 24 (15) 137 (85) 1 1
 Medium 39 (37.9) 64 (62.1) 3.48 (1.93–6.27), P < 0.00 1.86 (0.90–3.82), P < 0.09
 High 21 (56.8) 16 (43.2) 7.49 (3.43–16.37), P < 0.00 3.03 (1.10–8.35), P < 0.03**
Marital status
 Single 11 (20.4) 43 (79.6) 1 1
 Married 66 (29.4) 159 (70.6) 1.62 (0.79–3.34), P < 0.19 1.27 (0.46–3.54), P < 0.65
 Divorced 4 (21.1) 15 (78.9) 1.04 (0.29–3.77), P < 0.95 0.87 (0.15–4.92), P < 0.87
 Widowed 6 (15) 34 (85) 0.69 (0.23–2.05), P < 0.51 0.86 (0.20–3.73), P < 0.84
Residence
 Urban 84 (31.6) 182 (68.4) 10.61 (3.25–34.70), P < 0.00 6.47 (1.38–30.43), P < 0.02**
 Rural 3 (4.2) 69 (95.8) 1  
  1. ** Shows statistically significant association