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Table 2 Quality of critical care publications from the Eastern Mediterranean Region reflected by the sample size, study design, research fields, and journal assessment

From: Evaluating the Published Critical Care Research from the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region

Country No. Sample size median (range) Study design Most common research fieldsa Journal Assessment
RCT N (%) NRCT N (%) Observational N (%) Meta-analysis N(%) Review N(%) Research field N (%) Research field N (%) Research field N (%) IF Mean (SD) Journals with IF>3 (no) H Index
Afghanistan 1 410 0 0 1 (100%) 0 0 ID 1 (100%) N/A N/A 0.37 0 6
Bahrain 11 100 (4–1579) 0 0 9 (81.8%) 0 2 (18.2%) ID 3 (27.3%) Q/S 3 (27.3%) Resp 2 (18.2%) 1.31 (1.7) 1 3
Djibouti 2 131 (18–244) 0 0 2 (100%) 0 0 Epidem 1 (50%) Heme 1 (50%) N/A 0 0 0
Egypt 165 75 (15–7393) 19 (11.5%) 0 140 (84.8%) 0 6 (3.6%) ID 68 (41.2%) Resp 24 (14.5%) Renal 11 (6.7%) 1.34 (1.3) 16 28
Iran 620 84 (4–18,682) 129 (20.8%) 27 (4.4%) 439 (70.8%) 3 (0.48%) 22 (3.5%) ID 132 (21.3%) Resp 68 (11%) Cardio 40 (6.5%) 0.54 (1.9) 13 33
Iraq 8 222 (28–986) 0 0 6 (75%) 0 2 (25%) ID 2 (25%) Q/S 2 (25%) Burns 2 (25%) 1.32 (0.7) 0 10
Jordan 63 135 (6–10,792) 1 (1.6%) 1 (1.6%) 58 (92.1%) 0 3 (4.8%) ID 14 (22.2%) Epid 7 (11.1%) Resp 6 (9.5%) 1.61 (1.6) 6 11
Kuwait 26 94 (5–10,419) 0 0 24 (92.3%) 0 2 (7.7%) ID 15 (57.7%) Epid 3 (11.5%) Q/S 2 (7.7%) 1.63 (1.0) 2 17
Lebanon 42 66 (10–1506) 0 3 (7.1%) 32 (76.2%) 0 7 (16.7%) ID 10 (23.8%) Resp 6 (14.3%) Burn 5 (12%) 2.00 (2.0) 5 21
Libya 5 423 (260–995) 0 0 5 (100%) 0 0 ID 2 (40%) Q/S 2 (40%) Cardio 1 (20%) 0.40 (0.4) 0 1
Morocco 39 145 (9–146) 2 (5.1%) 1 (2.6%) 36 (92.3%) 0 0 ID 9 (23%) Resp 4 (10.3%) Q/S 4 (10.3%) 1.9 (2.9) 5 11
Oman 16 65 (29–95) 0 0 15 (93.8%) 0 1 (6.3%) ID 3 (18.8%) Resp 2 (12.5%) Epid 2 (12.5%) 0.58 (1.1) 0 10
Pakistan 95 144 (3–5800) 2 (2.1%) 0 89 (93.7%) 0 4 (4.2%) ID 33 (34.7%) Epid 10 (10.5%) CV 9 (9.5%) 1.0 (1.2) 5 17
Palestine 5 123 (13–275) 0 0 5 (100%) 0 0 P/F 2 (40%) ID 2 (40%) CPR 1 (20%) 1.13 (1.6) 1 2
Qatar 36 201 (36–1036) 1 (2.8%) 0 33 (91.7%) 0 2 (5.6%) ID 4(11%) Epid 4 (11%) Org Don 4 (11%) 1.35 (1.1) 1 11
Saudi Arabia 273 130 (6–256,195) 11 (4%) 2 (0.73%) 214 (78.4%) 0 46 (16.9%) ID 78 (28.5%) Q/S 31 (11.4%) Resp 23 (8.4%) 1.7 (2.3) 36 40
Sudan 6 99 (85–139) 0 0 6 (100%) 0 0 Epidem 3 (50%) Resp 2 (33.3%) Renal 1 (16.7%) 0.36 (1.6) 0 2
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0
Syria 3 80b 0 0 2 (66.7%) 0 1 (33.3%) ID 1 (33.3%) Q/S 1 (33.3%) Admin 1 (33.3%) 0 0 2
Tunisia 102 101 (6–5872) 6 (5.9%) 1 (0.98%) 90 (88.2%) 3 (2.9%) 2 (1.96%) ID 60 (58.8%) Resp 13 (12.7%) Heme 7 (6.9%) 1.9 (2.9) 19 28
United Arab Emirates 16 117 (18–386) 1 (6.25%) 0 12 (75%) 0 3 (18.8%) ID 4 (25%) Q/S 2 (12.5%) Trauma 2 (12.5%) 1.46 (1.2) 1 13
Yemen 3 129 (25–387) 0 0 3 (100%) 0 0 Q/S 1 (33.3%) Education 1 (33.3%) Cardio 1 (33.3%) 0.47 (0.4) 0 1
  1. IF impact factor, H-index number of h articles that received h citations
  2. a The major research field of articles was classified as: administration (Admin), burn, cardiovascular (CVD), cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR), education, endocrine/nutrition, epidemiology (Epid), ethics/end of life/palliative, gastrointestinal, hematology (Heme), immunology/transplant, infectious diseases (ID), neuroscience, organ donation (Org Don) patient and family support (P/F), pharmacology, professional development, quality and safety (Q/S), renal, respiratory (Resp), surgery, and trauma
  3. bSample size available for only one of the two observational studies