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Table 1 Characteristic of hypertensive patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital (n = 341)

From: Prevalence and predictors of self care practices among hypertensive patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: cross-sectional study

Variables Frequency (%) Variables Frequency (%)
Age Ethnicity
19–39 years 42 (12.3) Oromo 200 (58.7)
40–64 years 222 (65.1) Amhara 51 (15)
65–89 years 77 (22.6) Tigre 18 (5.3)
Gender Guragie 26 (7.6)
Male 177 (51.9) Dawuro 17 (5)
female 164 (48.1) Kafa 17 (5)
Education Yem 4 (1.2)
Tanbaro 3 (0.9)
Sulte 5 (1.5)
Illiterate 149 (43.7) Average monthly income (ETB)
Read and write 35 (10.3) < 500 61 (17.9)
Primary 80 (23.5) 501–1500 122 (35.8)
Secondary 43 (12.6) 1501–2500 82 (24)
College/above 34 (10) 2501–3500 38 (11.1)
Religion > 3501 38 (11.1)
Muslim 186 (54.5) Live alone
Orthodox 99 (29) Yes 24 (7)
Protestant 55 (16.1) No 317 (93)
Wakefata 1 (0.3) Social support
Occupation Low 114 (33.4)
House wife 82 (24) Medium 177 (51.9)
Farmer 122 (35.8) Greater 50 (14.7)
merchant 38 (11.1) Marital status
Employed 47 (13.8) Married 279 (81.8)
Retired 32 (9.4) Single 2 (.6)
Daily laborer 7 (2) Widow 46 (13.5)
House servant 9 (2.6)
Students 4 (1.2)
Place of residence Divorced 14 (4.1)
Rural 159 (46.6) BMI
Urban 182 (53.4) 16.3–18.499 22 (6.5)
Time since diagnosis of hypertension 18.5–24.99 215 (63)
< 3 years 104 (30.5) 25–29.9 92 (27)
≥ 3 years 237 (69.5) ≥ 30 12 (3.5)
self-reported Comorbidities Self-rated health
Diabetes 55 (16.1) Very good 53 (15.5)
Heart failure 20 (5.9) Good 141 (41.3)
Kidney disease 26 (7.6) Fair 113 (33.1)
Liver disease 2 (0.6) Poor or very poor 34 (10)
Asthma 10 (2.9) Self-efficacy
Retinopathy 5 (1.5) Good 103 (30.2)
Neuropathy 3 (0.9) Poor 238 (69.8)