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Table 3 Predictors of Self-care practices among hypertensive patients at Jimma University specialized Hospital

From: Prevalence and predictors of self care practices among hypertensive patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia: cross-sectional study

Variables Medication usage Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Adherent Non-adherent P-value COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI)
Age in years
19–39 years 32 10 0.022 2.667 (1.151–6.176) 0.064 2.455 (0.951–6.339)
40–64 years 137 85 0.270 1.343 (0.795–2.268) 0.380 1.300 (0.723–2.337)
≥ 65 years 42 35 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Time of HTN diagnosis
< 3 years 74 30 0.020 1.800 (1.096–2.958) 0.092 1.605 (0.926–2.782)
≥ 3 years 137 100 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
BMI
16–18.49 14 8 0.360 1.559 (0.603–4.032) 0.098 2.396 (0.851–6.747)
18.5–24.9 142 73 0.024 1.733 (1.075–2.793) 0.026 1.822 (1.073–3.093)
≥ 25 55 49 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Self-efficacy
Good 80 23 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Poor 131 107 0.000 0.352 (0.207–0.598) 0.003 0.407 (0.227–0.730)
Variables Low salt diet Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Adherent Non–adherent P–value COR (95% CI) P–value AOR (95% CI)
Time of HTN diagnosis
< 3 years 40 64 0.035 1.689 (1.037–2.753) 0.050 1.752 (0.999–3.074)
≥ 3 years 64 173 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Social support
Low 23 91 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Medium 58 119 0.020 1.928 (1.107–3.358) 0.053 1.837 (0.992–3.401)
Greater 23 27 0.001 3.370 (1.640–6.925) 0.016 2.811 (1.209–6.534)
HTN knowledge
Poor 28 94 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Average 55 127 0.164 1.454 (0.858–2.464) 0.313 1.345 (0.756–2.391)
Adequate 21 16 0.000 4.406 (2.029–9.567) 0.003 3.789 (1.575–9.114)
Self-efficacy
Good 49 54 0.001 3.019 (1.849–4.930) 0.001 2.584 (1.477–4.521)
Poor 55 183 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Variables Physical activity Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Adherent Non-adherent P-value COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI)
Age in years
19–39 years 24 18 0.043 2.207 (1.026–4.745) 0.164 1.864 (0.775–4.480)
40–64 years 100 122 0.261 1.357 (0.797–2.308) 0.345 1.346 (0.726–2.495)
≥ 65 years 29 48 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Sex
Male 93 84 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Female 60 104 0.003 0.521 (0.338–0.804) 0.017 0.517 (0.301–0.887)
Education
Illiterate 47 102 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Read and write 12 23 0.755 1.132 (0.520–2.467) 0.929 0.963 (0.422–2.200)
Primary 43 37 0.001 2.522 (1.442–4.411) 0.077 1.728 (0.942–3.170)
Secondary 29 14 0.000 4.495 (2.176–9.286) 0.002 3.301 (1.529–7.126)
College/above 22 12 0.001 3.979 (1.817–8.711) 0.172 1.912 (0.754–4.846)
Marital status
Married 135 144 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Others 18 44 0.006 0.436 (0.240–0.792) 0.627 0.842 (0.420–1.686)
HTN knowledge
Poor 45 77 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Average 84 98 0.110 1.467 (0.917–2.345) 0.288 1.320 (0.791–2.204)
Adequate 24 13 0.003 3.159 (1.465–6.813) 0.025 2.585 (1.125–5.940)
Self-efficacy
Good 60 43 0.001 2.176 (1.359–3.482) 0.097 1.567 (0.922–2.664)
Poor 93 145 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Variables Non-smoking Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Adherent Non-adherent P-value COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI)
Sex
Male 160 17 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Female 159 5 0.019 3.376 (1.217–9.379) 0.021 3.626 (1.21–10.851)
Self-rated health
Good-very good 190 4 0.001 6.628 (2.193–20.036) 0.012 4.482 (1.39–14.45)
Fair to poor 129 18 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Social support
Low 103 13 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Medium 170 7 0.019 3.126 (1.207–8.093) 0.148 2.246 (0.749–6.732)
Greater 48 2 0.148 3.089 (0.670–14.235) 0.524 1.730 (0.320–9.337)
Self-efficacy
Good 102 1 0.026 9.87 (1.310–74.399) 0.052 9.541 (0.98–92.752)
Poor 217 21 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Variables Non-alcohol usage Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Adherent Non-adherent P-value COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI)
Education
Illiterate 131 18 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Read and write 29 6 0.426 0.664 (0.242–1.819) 0.732 0.817 (0.267–2.250)
Primary 76 4 0.093 2.611 (0.852–7.999) 0.398 1.701 (0.496–5.835)
Secondary 38 5 0.936 1.044 (0.364–2.998) 0.900 1.081 (0.321–3.644)
College/above 27 7 0.198 0.530 (0.202–1.393) 0.036 0.239 (0.063–0.908)
Presence of DM
Yes 43 12 0.014 0.389 (0.184–0.823) 0.282 0.615 (0.254–1.491)
No 258 28 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
BMI
16–18.49 19 3 0.675 1.326 (0.354–4.959) 0.581 1.537 (0.334–7.061)
18.5–24.9 196 19 0.029 2.159 (1.080–4.316) 0.084 2.036 (0.909–4.561)
≥ 25 86 18 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Self-rated health
Good-very good 178 16 0.024 2.171 (1.107–4.255) 0.198 1.638 (0.773–3.470)
Fair to poor 123 24 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Variables Weight management Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
Adherent Non-adherent P-value COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI)
Education
Illiterate 63 86 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Read and write 21 14 0.061 2.048 (0.967–4.336) 0.095 2.099 (0.879–5.015)
Primary 49 31 0.007 2.158 (1.239–3.758) 0.258 1.467 (0.755–2.849)
Secondary 32 11 0.000 3.971 (1.860–8.476) 0.002 4.146 (1.65–10.405)
College/above 29 5 0.000 7.917 (2.903–21.591) 0.017 4.241 (1.289–13.96)
BMI
16–18.49 13 9 0.273 1.685 (0.663–4.285) 0.058 2.903 (0.964–8.742)
18.5–24.9 133 82 0.008 1.892 (1.178–3.039) 0.009 2.219 (1.218–4.043)
≥ 25 48 56 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Social support
Low 38 76 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Medium 118 59 0.000 4.000 (2.428–6.590) 0.000 4.050 (2.279–7.196)
Greater 38 12 0.000 6.333 (2.971–13.500) 0.000 6.694 (2.733–16.39)
HTN knowledge
Poor 60 62 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Average 106 76 0.120 1.441 (0.909–2.286) 0.303 1.334 (0.771–2.305)
Adequate 28 9 0.006 3.215 (1.401–7.378) 0.011 3.524 (1.331–9.328)
Self-efficacy
Good 78 25 0.000 3.215 (1.956–5.504) 0.002 2.584 (1.411–4.731)
Poor 116 122 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0