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Table 3 Relationship between breastfeeding practices and nutritional indices of under-five children of teenage mothers (n = 285)

From: Nutritional status of under-five children born to teenage mothers in an urban setting, south-western Nigeria

Variables Height for age Total \(\chi^2\) p-value
Stunting Normal
BF Initiation
≤ 1 h 52 (21.0) 196 (79.0) 248 (100) 7.095 0.008*
> 1 h 1 (2.7) 36 (97.3) 37 (100)
BF Duration
< 6 months 37 (19.1) 157 (80.9) 194 (100) 0.091 0.763
6 months 16 (17.6) 75 (82.4) 91 (100)
Variables Weight for age Total X2 p-value
Underweight Normal
BF Initiation
≤ 1 h 59 (23.8) 189 (76.2) 248 (100) 29.684 0.001*
> 1 h 25 (67.6) 12 (32.4) 37 (100)
BF Duration
< 6 months 56 (28.9) 138 (71.1) 194 (100) 0.108 0.742
6 months 28 (30.8) 63 (69.2) 91 (100)
Variables Weight for height Total X2 p-value
Wasted Normal
BF Initiation
≤ 1 h 63 (25.4) 185 (74.6) 248 (100) 0.020 0.888
> 1 h 9 (24.3) 28 (75.7) 37 (100)
BF Duration
< 6 months 58 (29.9) 136 (70.1) 194 (100) 6.910 0.009*
6 months 14 (15.4) 77 (84.6) 91 (100)
Variables Odds ratio (OR) Confidence interval p-value
Predictors of nutritional indices of under-fives
Predictor of stunting
Breastfeeding initiation time
> 1 h 9.551 1.279–16.310 0.028*
≤ 1 h (Ref) 1   
Predictor of underweight
Breastfeeding initiation time
> 1 h 6.674 3.159–14.097 0.001*
≤ 1 h (Ref) 1   
Predictor of wasting
Duration of exclusive BF
6 months 2.346 1.228–4.480 0.009*
< 6 months (Ref) 1   
  1. BF breastfeeding
  2. *Significance
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