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Table 2 Determinants of Low birth weight in HUCSH, Southern Ethiopia, 2018

From: Determinants and adverse perinatal outcomes of low birth weight newborns delivered in Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia: a cohort study

Variables Category LBW NBW CRR [95% CI] ARR [95% CI]
Age < 20 15 15 1.01 (0.45, 2.33) 1.56 (0.76, 3.84)
20–34 41 243 0.63 (0.32, 1.23) 0.85 (0.45, 2.95)
≥ 35 14 52 1 1
Gravidity One 27 105 1.89 (0.97, 4.67) 2.33 (0.41, 12.3)
2–4 30 149 1.64 (0.81, 3.38) 2.01 (0.03, 2.43)
≥ 5 13 96 1 1
Complication in previous pregnancy Yes 21 146 0.65 (0.34, 1.24) 0.87 (0.06, 12.6)
No 22 99 1 1
Previous abortion Yes 9 31 1.83 (0.83, 4.38) 1.87 (2.53, 12.5)
No 34 217 1 1
Complication in recent pregnancy Yes 46 100 4.95 (2,85, 8.61) 3.43 (0.65, 4.78)
No 24 250 1 1
Hypertensive disorder Yes 26 38 4.91 (2.71, 8.89) 4.59 (4.93, 42.7)
No 44 38 1 1
APH Yes 16 28 3.45 (1.75, 6.87) 2.39 (0.21, 25.5)
No 54 48 1 1
Infection Yes 14 13 6.89 (3.03, 15.7) 4.00 (0.26, 60.3)
No 56 63 1 1
Antenatal anemia Yes 13 7 2.35 (0.93, 7.13) 0.18 (0.01, 3.32)
No 60 76 1 1
Frequency of ANC visit
Gestational age
< 4 visit 29 115 1.59 (0.85, 2.98) 3.45 (2.35, 13.8)
≥ 4 visit 19 136 1 1
< 37 week 51 32 23.5 (11.9, 46.3) 18.2 (6.24, 34.5)
> 42 week 4 69 0.87 (0.28, 2.71) 0.57 (0.03, 14.4)
37–42 week 15 249 1 1
Sex of the fetus Male 36 226 0.56 (0.33, 0.94) 0.45 (0.23, 2.48)
Female 34 124 1 1