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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, nutritional status and academic performance of participants at primary schools of Meskan District 2016

From: Chronic undernutrition (stunting) is detrimental to academic performance among primary schools of adolescent children: a randomized cross sectional survey in Southern Ethiopia

Variables Categories Frequency Percent
Sex Boy 171 45.2
Girl 207 54.8
Grade level Grade 5 62 16.4
Grade 6 202 53.4
Grade 7 84 22.2
Grade 8 30 7.9
Age in years 10–12 159 42.1
13–15 219 57.9
Place of residence Rural 273 72.2
Urban 105 27.8
Father’s educational status Illiterate 125 33.1
Primary complete 205 54.2
Secondary complete 41 10.8
Above secondary 7 1.9
Mother’s educational status Illiterate 189 50
Primary complete 167 44.2
Secondary complete 18 4.8
Above secondary 4 1.1
Father’s occupation Farmer 228 60.3
Government employee 28 7.4
Merchant 71 18.8
Other 51 13.5
Mother’s occupation Household work 235 62.2
Government employee 9 2.4
Farmer 16 4.2
Merchant 103 27.2
Other 15 4
Wealth quintile Lowest 76 20.1
Second 72 19
Middle 61 16.1
Fourth 105 27.8
Highest 64 16.9
Family size < 7 172 45.5
≥ 7 206 54.5
Grade repetition Yes 42 11.1
  No 336 88.9
Reason of grade repetition Academic 4 9.5
Diseases 10 23.8
Shortage of food 28 66.7
Stunted children Yes 64 16.9
No 314 83.1
Average grade score < 50% 257 68
≥ 50% 121 32