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Table 1 Summary of results

From: “This conflict has turned me into a Doctor, Nurse and Nutritionist at the same time”: how peer support among HIV-positive IDPs created opportunities for care in conflict-stricken Kabaré, Congo DR

Global theme Organizing theme Basic theme identified in the FGDs
Usefulness of peer-support Promoted dialogue on HIV risk and prevention Allowed for dialogue on safe sex
Allowed for discussion on PMTCT
Allowed for information on treatment adherence
Provided different forms of support to IDPs Peer support promoted emotional, psychological, physical and economic support among HIV positive people
Base for fighting disenfranchisement, marginalization, stigma and discrimination Allowed IDPs to collectively challenge disenfranchisement, marginalization stigma and discrimination
Develop agency to fight for improved care
Utilization of indigenous resources in absence of efficient health systems Provide continuous home-based maternal care
Provided each other with locally-available nutritious meals through group cooks (Mungaano) e.g. soya beans, coffee etc.
Promoted treatment-adherence Peer support encouraged regular and consistent uptake of ARVs before
Peer support served as a continuous reminder for uptake of ARVs
Fostered alliances Peer support allows for the formation of alliances among peers to advocate for an end to sexual cleansing
Fighting patriarchy and promoting women empowerment
As a conduit for referrals to professional care Helped provide safe-passage to health facilities
Help to provide transportation support to health facilities
Peer support limitations Peers lacked technical skills, equipment and medical supplies to handle complications Peer lack skills to Help Easily conduct HIV tests
Peers lack skills and equipment to monitor CD4 count
Reinforced a stereotypes about ARVS People branding ARVs as a neocolonial project aimed at eliminating them