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Table 2 Bivariate regression analysis for factors affecting status of anemia during pregnancy

From: Compliance of iron and folic acid supplementation and status of anaemia during pregnancy in the Eastern Terai of Nepal: findings from hospital based cross sectional study

Characteristics No-anemia Anemia p-value COR 95% CI
Lower Upper
Age in years
 15–19 28 (54.9) 23 (45.1) 0.488 1   
 20–29 143 (60.3) 94 (39.7)   0.800 0.435 1.473
 ≥ 30 14 (50.0) 14 (50.0)   1.217 0.483 3.066
Ethnicity
 Mountain and Hill castes 34 (77.3) 10 (22.7) 0.007 1   
 Terai/Madhesi castes 151 (55.5) 121 (45.5)   2.725* 1.294 5.736
Birth gap in years
 < 3 51 (49.0) 53 (51.0) 0.019 2.078* 1.124 3.845
 ≥ 3 50 (66.7) 25 (33.3)   1   
Food habit
 Non-vegetarian 161 (59.0) 112 (41.0) 0.696 0.879 0.459 1.681
 Lacto-vegetarian 24 (55.8) 19 (44.2)   1   
IFA compliance
 No 24 (18.5) 106 (53.9) < 0.001 28.443* 15.433 52.422
 Yes 161 (86.6) 25 (13.4)   1   
Albendazole taken
 Yes 170 (59.4) 116 (40.6) 0.318 1   
 No 15 (50.0) 15 (50.0)   1.466 0.690 3.114
Fever history
 Yes 19 (42.2) 26 (57.8) 0.016 2.163* 1.141 4.103
 No 166 (61.3) 105 (38.7)   1   
Heme iron intake
 Yes 118 (63.1) 69 (36.9) 0.048 1   
 No 67 (51.9) 62 (48.1)   1.583* 1.003 2.496
Non-heme iron intake
 Yes 147 (64.8) 80 (35.2) < 0.001 1   
 No 38 (42.7) 51 (57.3)   2.466* 1.495 4.068
Intake of sour foods
 Yes 50 (68.5) 23 (31.5) 0.049 1.739 0.999 3.029
 No 135 (55.6) 108 (44.4)   1   
Intake of yellow fruits
 Yes 33 (73.3) 12 (26.7) 0.032 2.153* 1.066 4.348
 No 152 (56.1) 119 (43.9)   1   
Tea/coffee
 Taking 103 (58.5) 73 (41.5) 0.993 1.002 0.639 1.572
 Not taking 82 (58.6) 58 (41.4)   1   
  1. Figures in parenthesis denotes row percentage, ‘1’ denotes Reference category, *denotes statistically significant