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Table 2 Participants characteristics and factors associated with good global quality of life (N = 880)

From: Health-related quality of life among people living with HIV/AIDS in Togo: individuals and contextual effects

  N (%) Good global quality of life
N = 671 (76.3%)
Logistic regression
Univariate
OR [95% CI]
Multivariate
aOR [95% CI]
Age   0.416   
< 25 years 48 (5.5) 35 (72.9) 1  
25–49 years 678 (77.0) 524 (77.3) 1.26 [0.65–2.45]  
50 years and more 154 (17.5) 112 (72.7) 0.99 [0.48–2.05]  
Gender   0.718   
Male 190 (21.6) 143 (75.3) 1  
Female 690 (78.4) 528 (76.5) 1.07 [0.74–1.56]  
Education level   0.038   
No education 155 (17.6) 109 (70.3) 1 1
Primary 326 (37.0) 243 (74.5) 1.24 [0.81–1.89] 1.14 [0.71–1.82]
Secondary and higher 399 (45.4) 319 (79.9) 1.68 [1.10–2.57] 1.78 [1.10–2.85]
Profession   < 0.0001   
Public sector 102 (11.6) 73 (71.6) 1.04 [0.63–1.71]  
Private sector 62 (7.0) 38 (61.3) 0.65 [0.37–1.16]  
Informal sector 435 (49.4) 361 (83.0) 2.01 [1.40–2.88]  
No profession 281 (31.9) 199 (70.8) 1  
Living in couple   0.533   
Yes 455 (51.7) 343 (75.4) 1  
No 425 (48.3) 328 (77.2) 1.10 [0.81–1.51]  
Religion   < 0.0001   
None 101 (11.5) 78 (77.2) 1  
Islam 288 (32.7) 196 (68.1) 0.63 [0.37–1.06]  
Christianism 491 (55.8) 397 (80.9) 1.25 [0.74 2.09]  
Residence place   0.052   
Urban 551 (62.6) 432 (78.4) 1  
Rural 329 (37.4) 239 (72.6) 0.73 [0.53–1.0]  
Health region   < 0.0001   
Centrale 476 (54.1) 306 (64.3) 1 1
Kara 404 (45.9) 365 (90.3) 5.2 [3.56–7.6] 4.39 [2.94–6.57]
WHO’s clinical stage   < 0.0001   
Stage I 454 (51.9) 382 (84.1) 1  
Stage II 252 (28.8) 161 (63.9) 0.33 [0.23–0.48]  
Stage III and IV 169 (19.3) 123 (72.8) 0.50 [0.33–0.77]  
Symptoms’ intensity   < 0.0001   
None 343 (39.0) 306 (89.2) 1  
Moderate 492 (55.9) 348 (70.7) 0.29 [0.20–0.43]  
Severe 45 (5.1) 17 (37.8) 0.07 [0.04–0.15]  
CD4 cell counts   0.001   
< 350 249 (28.3) 208 (83.5) 1  
≥ 350 631 (71.7) 463 (73.4) 0.54 [0.37–0.79]  
ART   < 0.0001   
Yes 796 (90.5) 647 (81.3) 10.86 [6.55–18.0] 6.99 [4.11–11.9]
No 84 (9.5) 24 (28.6) 1 1
ART’s scheme   0.916   
1st line 723 (90.8) 588 (81.3) 1.03 [0.56–1.91]  
2nd line 73 (9.2) 59 (80.8) 1  
ART duration (years)   0.993   
< 2  209 (26.3) 170 (81.3) 1  
≥ 2 years 585 (73.7) 476 (81.4) 1.0 [0.67–1.50]  
Knowledge of partner’s HIV status   < 0.0001   
No 431 (49.0) 305 (70.8) 1 1
Yes 449 (51.0) 366 (81.5) 1.82 [1.33–2.5] 1.83 [1.28–2.61]
Type of health care center   < 0.0001   
Private 345 (39.2) 287 (83.2) 1.95 [1.39–2.73]  
Public 535 (60.8) 384 (71.8) 1