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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression analysis for factors associated with SMPs at Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2018

From: Self-medication practices and associated factors among households at Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Self-medication practices COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p-value
Yes No
Sex of participants
Male 127 121 1 1  
Female 190 194 0.93 (0.68, 1.28) 0.75 (0.53, 1.51) 0.51
Age in years
< 30 40 30 1 1  
30–45 210 241 0.65 (0.39, 1.09) 0.51 (0.25, 1.25) 0.18
≥ 45 67 44 1.14 (0.62, 2.10) 1.63 (0.38, 3.12) 0.46
Marital status
Single 157 110 1.83 (1.33, 2.52) 3.12 (2.35, 5.34)* 0.01
Married 160 205 1 1  
Peer pressure
No 82 196 1 1  
Yes 235 119 4.72 (3.36, 6.63) 3.58 (2.89, 7.28)* 0.001
Monthly household income
< ETB 1000 (< USD 37.7) 107 82 1 1  
≥ ETB 1000 (≥ USD 37.7) 210 233 0.69 (0.49, 0.97) 0.52 (0.34, 1.17) 0.32
Access to pharmacy
No 223 118 1 1  
Yes 199 92 4.09 (2.93, 5.70) 2.32 (1.65, 6.76)* 0.001
Family size
< 5 members 255 242 1 1  
≥ 5 members 62 73 0.81 (0.55, 1.18) 0.62 (0.37, 1.39) 0.25
Perceived quality of health care
Good 54 86 1 1  
Poor 263 229 1.83 (1.25, 2.68) 4.67 (2.56, 7.96)* 0. 001
Perceived cost
Expensive 181 183 1 1  
Cheap 136 132 1.04 (0.76, 1.43) 2.17 (0.64, 5.84) 0.67
Knowledge
Not knowledgeable 249 96 1 1  
Knowledgeable 68 219 0.12 (0.08, 0.17) 0.27 (0.16, 0.39)* 0.01
  1. * Significant at p-value < 0.05