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Table 1 Patients’ characteristics in language–cultural adaptation and validity–reliability test of Indonesian version of AQUAREL

From: Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Indonesian version of AQUAREL on patients with permanent pacemaker: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Language and cultural adaptation
n = 32
Validity and reliability test
n = 20
Age (mean ± SD) 65.8 ± 15.096 62.35 ± 16.69
Gender (%)
 Male 46.9 55.0
 Female 53.1 45.0
Educational background (%)
 Elementary school 18.8 25.0
 Junior high school 21.9 30.0
 Senior high school 21.9 10.0
 Diploma 9.3 5.0
 Bachelor degree 28.1 25.0
 Master degree 0 5.0
Indication for pacemaker (%)
 AV block (high degree or total) 62.5 75.0
 Sick sinus syndrome 25.0 10.0
 Symptomatic bradycardia 12.5 15.0
Type of permanent pacemaker (%)   15.0
 Single chamber 18.7 0
 Double chamber 81.3 100.0