Skip to main content

Table 3 Multiple Logistic regression analysis of depression among HIV positive prisoners at central prison (Kaliti) Addis Ababa Ethiopia, 2016, (n = 400)

From: Two-third of inmates were depressed among HIV positive prisoners at central prison (Kaliti), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variables Depression
Yes No COR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Educational status
No formal education 43 18 2.39 1.085–5.260 3.03 0.902–10.205
 Primary 107 46 2.33 1.199–4.514 4.11 1.66–10.19*
 Secondary 92 46 2.00 1.026–3.898 2.28 0.923–5.624
 Tertiary and above 24 24 1   1  
Social support
 Poor 162 62 0.55 0.351–0.855 1.14 0.419–3.098
 Moderate 83 58 0.57 0.275–1.199 0.90 0.333–2.447
 Strong 21 14 1   1  
Stigma
 Yes 144 32 3.76 2.364–5.987 3.88 2.08–7.25**
 No 122 102 1   1  
History of chronic illness
 Yes 75 16 2.89 1.611–5.206 2.88 1.34–6.17**
 No 191 118 1   1  
WHO clinical stage
 Stage I 148 93 1   1  
 Stage II 69 26 1.67 0.991–2.806 2.47 1.19–5.12**
 Stage III 44 12 2.30 1.157–4.589 2.10 0.90–4.88
 Stage IV 5 3 1.05 0.245–4.486 1.23 0.19–7.67
ART
 Yes 158 38 1   1  
 No 108 96 1.727 1.103–2.704 1.30 0.69–2.45
Length of stay in prison
 < 1 year 61 46 1   1  
 1–3 years 100 49 1.54 0.921–2.571 1.949 0.91–4.20
 4–6 years 46 11 3.15 1.473–6.750 2.27 1.22–4.23**
 7–9 years 30 22 1.03 0.526–2.010 1.89 0.49–7.24
 ≥ 10 years 29 6 3.65 1.397–9.507 3.53 1.15–10.85*
Disclosure of HIV status to partners
 Yes 89 57 1   1  
 No 137 50 1.76 1.103–2.791 1.64 0.93–2.88
Disclosure of HIV status to friends
 Yes 144 80 1   1  
 No 82 27 1.69 1.010–2.820 1.54 0.84–2.84
  1. NB: *P value < 0.05, * P value < 0.01