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Table 1 Relation of basic and underlying factors with stunting (weighted n = 9588)

From: Socioeconomic inequality in stunting among under-5 children in Ethiopia: a decomposition analysis

Variables Weighted frequency (%) Stunting prevalence (95% CI) P*
Wealth category
Poorest 23.9 45.1 (41.5–48.6) < 0.001
Poorer 22.9 44.1 (40.5–47.6)
Middle 20.7 40.7 (37.2–44.3)
Richer 18.1 33.3 (30.0–36.5)
Richest 14.4 26.9 (23.8–30.0)
Residence place
Urban 10.9 26.7 (23.3–30.2) < 0.001
Rural 89.1 39.9 (38.2–41.6)
Region (state)
Agrarian 93.0 38.4 (36.8–40.0) < 0.001
Pastoral 7.0 31.3 (26.4–36.2)
Household size
< 4 10.5 39.0 (34.2–43.8) 0.353
4–8 76.4 37.6 (35.9–39.3)
> 8 13.1 37.8 (33.4–42.2)
Caregivers education status
Illiterate 66.1 42.0 (40.0–43.9) < 0.001
Primary 26.8 33.4 (30.5–36.3)
Secondary+ 7.1 20.9 (16.7–25.1)
Water source
Not improved 50.9 39.8 (37.7–41.9) < 0.001
Improved 49.1 35.3 (33.1–37.6)
Toilet facility
Not improved 90.9 39.1 (37.4–40.7) < 0.001
Improved 9.1 27.9 (23.7–32.3)
Child sex
Boy 51.9 41.8 (39.6–44.0) < 0.001
Girl 48.1 33.7 (31.6–35.8)
Child age (months)
< 24 41.8 29.7 (27.6–31.7) < 0.001
24–59 58.2 45.1 (43.0–47.1)
Birth size
Small 26.2 44.3 (41.1–47.5) < 0.001
Average 41.9 38.5 (36.2–40.8)
Large 31.9 31.9 (29.3–34.5)
  1. CI confidence interval
  2. * P: based on Chi square test of association