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Table 2 Factors affecting HCU for LBP among nurses, Gondar town, Ethiopia, 2018 (N = 270)

From: Factors affecting healthcare utilization for low back pain among nurses in Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia, 2018: a cross-sectional study

Variables Healthcare utilization for LBP COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p-value
Yes No
Sex
 Male 24 100 1 1  
 Female 45 101 1.85 (1.05, 3.27) 1.28 (1.03, 3.43) 0.001*
Age
 < 24 years 21 51 1 1  
 25–35 years 16 101 0.38 (0.12–0.94) 0.24 (0.01–0.59) 0.110+
 > 35 years 32 49 1.60 (1.05–.2.51) 1.31 (0.03–2.03) 0.071+
Educational level
 Diploma 18 87 1 1  
 First degree (Bsc) 30 80 1.81 (0.99, 3.40) 1.12 (0.73, 2.17) 0.061+
 Masters degree 21 34 2.98 (0.76, 3.96) 1.13 (1.01, 3.40) 0.003*
Job stress
 Not stressed 22 97 1 1  
 Stressed 47 104 1.99 (1.11, 3.54) 1.08 (1.21, 2.17) 0.078+
Work experience
 ≤ 5 years 47 99 2.20 1.40 (0.03, 3.21) 0.056+
 > 5 years 22 102 (1.23, 3.92) 1  
Working hours per day
 ≤ 8 h 29 98 1 1  
 > 8 h 40 103 1.31 (1.02, 6.55) 1.17 (0.63, 5.12) 0.073+
Overtime
 Yes 56 161 1.07 (0.53, 2.14) 1.01 (0.07, 4.30) 0.081+
 No 13 40 1 1  
Job satisfaction
 Satisfied 26 91 1 1  
 Not satisfied 43 110 1.37 (1.78, 2.39) 1.14 (0.35, 3.44) 0.031+
Perceived disability
 Low disability 22 107 1 1  
 High disability 47 94 2.43 (1.83, 3.51) 2.11 (1.66, 3.20) 0.001*
Perceived severity
 Severe pain 54 120 2.43 (1.28, 4.60) 2.06 (1.27, 3.51)] 0.001*
 Not severe pain 15 81 1 1  
Duration of LBP
 0–7 days 10 63 1 1  
 8–30 days 31 73 2.68 (0.17, 2.82) 1.71 (0.12, 2.01)  
 > 30 but not every day 22 43 3.22 (0.13, 5.72) 2.27 (0.23, 2.81)  
 Every day 6 22 1.72 (0.18, 4.78) 1.37 (0.44, 3.09) 0.08*
  1. AOR, adjusted odds ratios; CI, confidence interval; COR, Crude odds ratios; HCU, Healthcare utilization; BSc, Bachelor of Science; LBP, low back pains
  2. 1 = represents reference categories; +=significant in a bivariate analysis;* = significant in a multivariable analysis