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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of parent/guardian of preschool age children

From: Schistosoma mansoni infection among preschool age children attending Erer Health Center, Ethiopia and the response rate to praziquantel

Category S. mansoni infection OR (95% CI) P-value
No. Positive (%) Totala (%) Crude Adjusted
Age group
 18–27 27 (26.2) 103 (43.6) 1 1  
 28–37 19 (25.3) 75 (31.8) 1.23 (0.58, 2.62) 1.16 (0.52, 2.67) 0.725
 38 and above 13 (22.4) 58 (24.6) 1.17 (0.52, 2.63) 1.17 (0.49, 2.77) 0.728
Educational status
 Illiterate 24 (23.3) 103 (43.6) 2.17 (0.25, 18.15) 0.51 (0.19, 1.31) 0.160
 Read and write 23 (24.7) 93 (39.4) 2.30 (0.27, 19.69) 0.52 (0.19, 1.34) 0.175
 Formal education 12 (30.0) 40 (16.9) 1 1  
Ethnicity
 Somali 32 (27.6) 116 (49.6) 1   
 Oromo 23 (23.2) 99 (42.3) 0.71 (0.31–1.60) 0.77 (0.39–1.50) 0.446
 Amhara 4 (21.1) 19 (8.1) 0.77 (0.33, 1.75) 0.59 (0.73, 2.02) 0.401
Marital status
 Married 56 (25.9) 216 (91.5) 1.43 (0.35, 5.90) 1.27 (0.27, 5.91) 0.765
 Others 3 (15.0) 20 (8.5) 1 1  
Occupation
 Housewife 47 (26.4) 178 (75.4) 0.73 (0.35, 1.49) 1.034 (0.23, 4.63) 0.999
 Othersb 12 (20.7) 58 (24.6) 1 1  
Frequency of using river/spring or pond water for bathing a child  
 Not at all 16 (23.2) 69 (29.2) 1 1  
 Sometimes 32 (23.7) 135 (57.2) 1.03 (0.52, 2.04) 1.22 (0.55, 2.72) 0.627
 Often 11 (34.4) 32 (13.6) 1.74 (0.69, 4.35) 2.15 (0.69, 6.65) 0.183
Frequency of taking children to river/pond during fetching water  
 Not at all 27 (25.5) 106 (44.9) 1 1  
 Sometimes 26 (21.7) 120 (50.8) 0.81 (0.44, 1.49) 0.74 (0.37, 1.47) 0.384
 Often 6 (60.0) 10 (4.2) 4.39 (1.15, 16.74) 3.86 (1.86, 17.28) 0.044
  1. aTotal number of participants examined (%)
  2. bOthers (merchant, employed and others)
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