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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of T2D patients on follow-up at diabetes center, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Predictors of poor glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes on follow-up care at a tertiary healthcare setting in Ethiopia

Category Subcategory Glycemic control Total (%) p-value
Poor Good
Sex Male 74 (30.2) 94 (83.2) 168 (47.1)  
Female 170 (69.8) 19 (16.8) 189 (52.9) 0.012
Age group 18–40 14 (5.7) 8 (7.1) 22 (6.2) 0.12
41–60 134 (54.9) 54 (47.8) 188 (52.7)  
> 60 96 (39.3) 51 (45.1) 147 (41.7)  
Marital status Never married 8 (3.3) 5 (4.4) 13 (3.6) 0.59
Ever married 236 (96.7) 108 (95.6) 344 (96.4)  
Residence Urban 206 (84.4) 98 (86.7) 304 (85.2) 0.57
Rural 38 (15.6) 15 (13.3) 53 (14.8)  
Education No formal education 33 (13.5) 17 (15.0) 50 (14.0) 0.52
Primary (1–8) 47 (19.3) 16 (14.2) 63 (17.6)  
Secondary (9–12) 66 (27.0) 37 (32.7) 103 (28.9)  
Tertiary (graduates) 98 (40.2) 43 (38.1) 141 (39.5)  
Employment Employed 135 (55.3) 66 (58.4) 201 (56.3) 0.59
Unemployed 109 (44.7) 47 (41.6) 156 (43.7)  
Duration of diabetes Mean (± SD) 13.01 ± 3.11 10.24 ± 2.13 11.64 ± 6.95 0.051
Presence of comorbidities Yes 195 (79.9) 83 (73.5) 278 (77.9) 0.115
No 49 (20.1) 30 (26.5) 79 (22.1)  
Types of co morbidities Hypertension 130 (53.3) 58 (51.3) 188 (65.5) 0.381
Dyslipidemia 123 (50.4) 48 (42.5) 171 (60.9) 0.222
IHD 27 (11.1) 10 (8.8) 37 (13.1) 0.414
Othersa 32 (13.1) 18 (15.9) 50 (17.7) 0.201
Diabetes complications Yes 193 (79.1) 22 (19.5) 215 (60.2) 0.018
No 51 (20.9) 91 (80.5) 142 (39.8)  
Types of complications Neuropathy 143 (58.6) 24 (21.2) 167 (46.8) 0.036
Nephropathy 62 (25.4) 6 (5.3) 68 (19.1) 0.374
Retinopathy 45 (18.4) 5 (4.4) 50 (14.0) 0.262
FBG, mg/dL Mean (± SD) 186.8 ± 47.4 146.6 ± 39.9 174.10 ± 48.9 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) Mean (± SD) 29.4 ± 6.1 24.9 ± 4.5 27.15 ± 4.6 0.217
  1. aThyroid disorders, peptic ulcer disease, asthmatic