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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis of factors associated with self-care practices among diabetic patients on follow up at Nekemte Referral Hospital, West Ethiopia, from February 20 to May 20, 2016 (n = 252)

From: Self-care practices regarding diabetes among diabetic patients in West Ethiopia

Variables Categories Self-care practice COR (95% CI) p value AOR (95% CI) p value
Good Poor
Sex Male 76 62 1.698 (1.013–2.844) p = 0.044 5.551 (2.055–14.997) p = 0.001
Female 77 37 1.00 1.00
Age < 30 48 41 0.854 (0.380–1.917) p = 0.702
30–60 89 42 0.472 (0.215–1.034) p = 0.060
> 60 16 16 1.00
Educational status No formal education 36 34 1.744 (0.767–3.966) p = 0.185 1.826 (0.334–9.988) p = 0.487
Primary school 51 46 1.665 (0.760–3.646) p = 0.202 2.026 (0.471–8.718) p = 0.343
Secondary school 32 16 0.264 (0.089–0.784) p = 0.037 0.127 (0.018–1.098) p = 0.063
College/University 24 13 1.00 1.00
Occupation Employed 38 10 1.00
Unemployed 84 47 2.126 (0.972–4.651) p = 0.059
Farmer 31 42 5.148 (2.229–11.890) p < 0.001
Residence Urban 99 30 1.00 1.00
Rural 54 69 4.217 (2.453–7.250) p < 0.001 5.517 (2.184–13.938) p < 0.001
BMI < 18.5 15 2 1.00
18.5–24.9 70 72 7.714 (1.701–34.978) p = 0.008
25–29.9 34 16 3.529 (0.719–17.317) p = 0.120
≥ 30 34 9 1.985 (0.382–10.319) p = 0.415
Family/social support Yes 33 31 1.00
No 120 68 0.603 (0.340–1.070) p = 0.084
Family history of diabetes Yes 15 17 1.00
No 138 82 0.524 (0.249–1.106) p = 0.090
Duration of diabetes < 6 56 98 2.154 (0.966–4.804) p = 0.061 41.023 (7.373–228.26) p < 0.001
6–10 27 42 1.125 (0.627–2.018) p = 0.693 2.768 (0.966–7.933) p = 0.058
> 10 16 13 1.00 1.00
Number of medications taken 1 78 60 1.00
≥ 2 75 39 0.676 (0.405–1.129) p = 0.135
Access for self-monitoring BG Yes 19 7 1.00 1.00
No 134 92 1.864 (0.753–4.613) p = 0.178 9.448 (2.198–40.617) p = 0.003
Hospitalization due to diabetic related problem Yes 30 23 1.241 (0.672–2.292) p = 0.491
No 123 76 1.00
Knowledge of diabetes Good 28 2 1.00 1.00
Acceptable 41 12 4.098 (0.851–19.738) p = 0.079 0.903 (0.104–7.864) p = 0.926
Poor 84 85 14.167 (3.271–61.36) p < 0.001 67.917 (8.212–561.686) p < 0.001
Anti-diabetic medication Metformin 35 22 1.00
Insulin 85 74 1.385 (0.747–2.569) p = 0.301
Insulin and metformin 8 2 0.398 (0.077–2.048) p = 0.270
Metformin and glibenclamide 21 0 0.000
Glibenclamide 4 1 0.398 (0.042–3.793) p = 0.423
Presence of comorbidities Yes 42 35 1.445 (0.839–2.490) p = 0.184 18.621 (4.415–78.540) p < 0.001
No 111 64 1.00 1.00
Type of DM Type 1 85 74 2.368 (1.360–4.122) p = 0.002
Type 2 68 25 1.00
Glycemic control ≤ 130 64 38 1.00
> 130 89 61 1.154 (0.688–1.936) p = 0.586
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