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Table 2 Associated factors of loneliness in multivariable logistic regression among study participants, University of Gondar, 2018 (n = 404)

From: Year of study as predictor of loneliness among students of University of Gondar

Variable Categories Loneliness status COR AOR (95% CI)
Lonely Not lonely OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
N (%) N (%)
Sex Male 113 46.7 129 53.3 1  
Female 87 53.7 75 46.3 1.324 (0.89–1.97) 1.3 (0.87–1.98)
Actively engaged in romantic friendship Yes 56 44.1 71 55.9 1  
No 144 52.0 133 48.0 1.37 (0.90–2.09) 1.3 (0.85–2.02)
Residence before coming to university Urban 117 47.6 129 52.4 1  
Rural 83 52.5 75 47.5 1.22 (0.82–1.82)  
Current khat chewing Yes 7 53.8 6 46.2 1.19 (0.39–3.63)  
No 193 49.4 198 50.6 1  
Current cigarette smoking Yes 6 50 6 50.0 1.02 (0.32–3.22)  
No 194 49.5 198 50.5 1  
Current disease status Yes 102 51.3 97 48.7 1.15 (0.77–1.69)  
No 98 47.8 107 52.2 1  
Age in years 20 & lower 120 50.4 118 49.6 1.09 (0.74–1.63)  
21 & above 80 48.2 86 51.8 1  
Year of study First 134 59.3 92 40.7 2.47 (1.67–3.7) 2.47 (1.65–3.70)a
2nd & above 66 37.1 112 62.9 1 1
Monthly pocket money in ETB 50–400 53 47.7 58 52.3 0.82 (0.42–1.5)  
401–500 46 43.4 60 56.6 0.68 (0.35–1.33)  
501–1000 73 54.5 61 45.5 1.07 (0.56–2.02)  
 > 1000 28 52.8 25 47.2 1  
Marital status Single 192 49.0 200 51.0 0.48 (0.14–1.62)  
Married 8 66.7 4 33.3 1  
  1. CI: confidence interval; COR: Crude odds ratio; AOR: Adjusted odds ratio; aIndicates significantly associated variable with loneliness in multivariable analysis
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