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Table 3 Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis of factors associated with late ART initiation among children on ART at University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 402)

From: Late antiretroviral therapy initiation and associated factors among children on antiretroviral therapy at University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables ART late initiated COR, (95% CI) AOR, (95% CI)
Yes No
Age
 ≤ 60 months 101 69 1.541 (1.033–2.300) 2.165 (1.3413.495)
 > 60 months 113 119 1 1
Sex
 Male 112 82 1.419 (0.957–2.104) 1.399 (0.888–2.204)
 Female 102 106 1 1
Residence
 Urban 150 158 1 1
 Rural 64 30 2.247 (1.380–3.660) 1.825 (1.0523.166)
Child living condition
 With parent 171 156 1 1
 Without parent 43 32 1.226 (0.739–2.034) 0.751 (0.366–1.543)
Duration between HIV test confirmed and enrollment
 < 6 months 158 133 1 1
 6–12 month 17 29 0.493 (0.260–0.937) 0.499 (0.241–1.034)
 > 12 months 39 26 1.263 (0.731–2.182) 1.176 (0.621–2.227)
Any medication before ART initiation
 No 139 160 1 1
 Yes 75 28 3.083 (1.889–5.033) 2.237 (1.2124.130)
Past OI
 No 83 131 1 1
 Yes 131 57 3.627 (2.395–5.494) 2.548 (1.5544.178)
TB treatment history
 No 161 175 1 1
 Yes 53 13 4.431 (2.329–8.432) 1.925 (0.932–3.974)
Chronic disease
 No 157 167 1 1
 Yes 57 21 2.887 (1.673–4.983) 0.958 (0.413–2.224)
Caregiver age
 < 40 years 179 162 1 1
 ≥ 40 years 35 26 1.218 (0.703–2.112) 0.827 (0.403–1.696)
Caregiver sex
 Male 46 27 1.633 (0.969–2.752) 1.903 (1.0263.527)
 Female 168 161 1 1
Marital status
 Unmarried 117 81 1.593 (1.074–2.364) 1.618 (1.0232.559)
 Married 97 107 1 1
Occupation
 Unemployed 185 153 1.459 (0.853–2.496) 1.211 (0.639–2.296)
 Employed 29 35 1 1
Relation to child
 Mother 146 139 1 1
 Father 26 15 1.650 (0.839–3.246) 1.086 (0.290–4.068)
 Other relative 42 34 1.176 (0.707–1.955) 0.983 (0.325–2.980)
Maternal antenatal history
 No 80 53 2.075 (1.369–3.106) 1.721 (1.0772.752)
 Yes 64 88 1 1
Parental survival status
 Mother alive only 35 42 0.745 (0.446–1.244) 0.499 (0.230–1.083)
 Father alive only 21 9 2.086 (0.919–4.733) 1.047 (0.325–3.367)
 Neither alive 26 19 1.223 (0.644–2.324) 1.145 (0.419–3.127)
 Both alive 132 118 1 1
Caregiver HIV status
 Positive 92 82 1 1
 Negative 9 10 0.802 (0.311–2.071) 0.361 (0.115–1.129)
 Unknown 113 96 1.049 (0.701–1.570) 0.569 (0.325–1.093)
Caregiver on ART
 No 47 38 1.448 (0.902–2.321) 1.485 (0.850–2.595)
 Yes 41 48 1 1
  1. n = sample included during data analysis
  2. Unmarried is merged from (single, separated, divorced and widowed); Unemployed is merged from (housewife, farmer, student)
  3. Italic values indicate significant variables in the multivariable analysis