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Table 2 Hygiene, sanitation and behavioural characteristics of model and non-model families in L/Maychew district, Tigray, Ethiopia 2017

From: Diarrheal disease in under-five children among model and non-model families in northern Ethiopia, 2017: a comparative cross-sectional study

Variables Categories Model HH Non model HH
Diarrhea Diarrhea
Yes No Yes No
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Proper waste disposal site Yes 13 (50.0) 256 (86.5) 21 (48.8) 151 (59.0)
No 13 (50.0) 40 (13.5) 44 (64.7) 105 (41.0)
Feces seen around home Yes 1 (3.8) 28 (9.8) 13 (20.0) 80 (31.2)
No 25 (96.2) 268 (90.5) 52 (80.0) 176 (68.8)
Separate living area for domestic animals Yes 7 (26.9) 101 (34.1) 27 (41.5) 117 (45.7)
No 19 (73.1) 195 (65.9) 38 (58.5) 139 (54.3)
Water source Tap 20 (76.9) 231 (78.0) 50 (76.9) 190 (74.2)
Other source 6 (23.1) 65 (22.0) 15 (23.1) 66 (25.8)
Time take to fetch water (round trip) in minute < 15 19 (73.1) 142 (48.0) 36 (55.4) 126 (49.2)
16–30 5 (19.2) 133 (44.9) 26 (40.0) 116 (45.3)
> 30 2 (7.7) 21 (7.1) 3 (4.6) 14 (5.5)
Water container have cover Yes 21 (80.8) 233 (78.7) 44 (67.7) 194 (75.8)
No 5 (19.2) 63 (21.3) 21 (32.3) 62 (24.2)
Hand washing facility Yes 15 (57.7) 173 (58.4) 40 (61.5) 149 (58.2)
No 11 (42.3) 123 (41.6) 25 (38.5) 107 (41.8)
Use latrine for defecation Yes 10 (38.5) 249 (84.1) 46 (70.8) 213 (83.2)
No 16 (61.5) 47 (15.9) 19 (29.2) 43 (16.8)
Child feces disposal method Latrine 17 (65.4) 267 (90.2) 20 (30.8) 76 (29.7)
Open disposal 9 (34.6) 29 (9.8) 45 (69.2) 180 (70.3)
Hands wash at a critical period Yes 16 (61.5) 268 (90.5) 35 (53.8) 178 (69.5)
No 10 (38.5) 28 (9.5) 30 (46.2) 78 (30.5)
Treat drinking water Yes 24 (92.3) 234 (79.1) 51 (78.5) 211 (82.4)
No 2 (7.7) 62 (20.9) 14 (21.5) 45 (17.6)
Duration of breast feed in month ≤ 12 6 (23.1) 30 (10.1) 8 (12.3) 40 (15.6)
13–18 3 (11.5) 44 (14.9) 9 (13.8) 41 (16.0)
19–24 15 (57.7) 194 (65.5) 46 (70.8) 149 (58.2)
≥ 23 2 (67.7) 28 (9.5) 3 (3.1) 26 (10.2)
Measles vaccinated Yes 22 (84.6) 250 (84.5) 55 (84.6) 216 (84.4)
No 4 (15.4) 46 (15.5) 10 (15.4) 40 (15.6)
Rota virus vaccine vaccinated Yes 22 (84.6) 237 (80.1) 49 (75.4) 192 (75.0)
No 4 (15.4) 59 (19.9) 16 (24.6) 64 (25.0)