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Table 2 Risk factors associated with nasopharyngeal carriage of S. pneumonia among school children, Sodo Zuria Woreda, South Ethiopia, 2014

From: Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern among school children in South Ethiopia: post-vaccination era

Associated factors Carriage rate
No (399) Yes (311) P-value COR (95% CI) P-value AOR (95% CI)
Male 201 152 0.85 0.96 (0.62–1.48)   
Age ≤ 5 years 47 73 0.00 2.64 (1.46–4.78) 0.02 2.09 (1.13–3.87)
Having at list one sibling 356 284 0.50 1.22 (0.50–2.53)   
Living with one or more siblings < 6-years old 217 182 0.04 1.61 (1.03–2.51)   
Co-sleeping with siblings 229 233 0.00 2.25 (1.41–3.60) 0.01 1.89 (1.15–3.09)
Passive smoking 42 63 0.01 2.39 (1.30–4.39)   
Income < 500 birr/month 127 114 0.21 1.33 (0.85–2.08)   
Have one room in the house 89 78 0.30 1.30 (0.79–2.15)   
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio