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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with diabetes

From: Screening for chronic kidney disease in rural Malawi: results from a diabetic clinic

  All diabetic patients
(N, %)
CKD
(N/%)
No CKD
(N/%)
Total patients screened 148 13 (8.8) 135 (91.2)
Demographic characteristics
 Age (mean, sd)a-years 53.8 (13.7) 63.9 (9.7) 52.8 (13.6)
 Gender    
  Female 98 8 (8.2) 90 (91.8)
Diabetes type
 Type 1 diabetes 25 2 (8.0) 23 (92.0)
 Type 2 diabetes 123 11 (8.9) 112 (91.1)
Years since diagnosis of diabetes
 Less than 1 year 29 1 (3.4) 28 (96.6)
 1–2 years 20 3 (15.0) 17 (85.0)
 Over 2 years 76 7 (9.2) 69 (90.8)
Duration in clinic
 Less than 1 year 44 3 (6.8) 41 (93.2)
 1–2 years 36 6 (16.7) 30 (83.3)
 Over 2 years 62 4 (6.4) 58 (93.6)
Most recent fasting blood glucose (median, IQR)a-mg/dl 156.6 (115.2–234) 130.6 (99.9–151.1) 160.2 (121.0–249.0)
Patients with good glucose control (< 126 mg/dl) 39 5 (12.8) 34 (87.2)
Patients with reasonable glucose control (128 to < 180 mg/dl) 42 6 (14.3) 36 (85.7)
Initial creatinine (median, IQR)-mg/dl 0.7 (0.6–0.9) 1.4 (1.2–2) 0.7 (0.6–0.9)
Risk factors
 BMI (median, IQR)-kg/m2 26.5 (22.5–30) 26.5 (25.6–29.2) 26.5 (22.3–30.1)
 BMI over 25 (median, IQR)-kg/m2 29.1 (27.3–32.9) 27.8 (26.0–31.6) 29.3 (27.3–33.2)
 Most recent systolic blood pressure (median, IQR)a-mmHg 130 (117–145) 135 (132–154) 129 (116–142)
 Most recent diastolic blood pressure (median, IQR)-mmHg 83 (77–89) 91 (81–97) 83 (77–88)
Diabetic co-morbidities and complications
 Hypertension 103 12 (11.7) 91 (88.3)
  1. CKD chronic kidney disease, % percentage, Sd standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, BMI body mass index
  2. aSignificant difference between CKD and no CKD group