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Table 1 Summary of qualitative results

From: Has the social justice approach become pervasive as a tool for fighting HIV in women? The case of Zambia

Global theme  
Positive characterization Important in highlighting discrimination
Made women aware of their rights
Opens up conversation on social inequality
Provides women with information on where to report abuse
Opportunities to gain information on HIV and sexual rights and health
Negative characterization Lack of flexibility in implementation
Conflict with cultural and religious values
Failure to address women’s priorities and day-to-day realities
Social justice is an “un-Zambian” Western concept
Disrupts survival networks (marriage) of unemployed women
Women felt disconnected with the approach
Implementation of approach done in a way that is too confrontational
It conflicts traditional cultural and religious values
Alienates potential allies
Creates enemies
Ignores men in the conversation
It is merely a symbolic gesture without substantial economic survival opportunities
Champions of the approach are out of touch with local realities
Ignores local strategies
It is neocolonial
It is a hegemonic imposition of western culture and standards