Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with T2D in Ethiopia, 2018

From: Prescribing pattern of statins for primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in patients with type 2 diabetes: insights from Ethiopia

Category Subcategory Statin use (N = 323) Total (%) P value
Not received Received
Sex Male 64 (44.8) 93 (51.7) 157 (48.6) 0.57
Female 79 (55.2) 87 (48.3) 166 (51.4)  
Age group 40–64 86 (60.1) 102 (56.7) 188 (58.2) 0.33
65–75 57 (39.9) 78 (43.3) 135 (41.8)  
BMI (kg/m2) Mean (± SD) 26 ± 3 26 ± 3 28.23 ± 2.3 0.161
Duration of diabetes Mean (± SD) 11.03 ± 6 13.12 ± 7 11.9 ± 6.9 0.051
Presence of comorbidities Yes 77 (53.4) 175 (97.2) 250 (77.9) 0.115
No 66 (46.2) 5 (2.8) 71 (22.1)  
Types of co morbidities Hypertension 60 (72.3) 112 (63.6) 172 (66.4) 0.169
Dyslipidemia 7 (9) 148 (84.6) 155 (61.3) 0.000
IHD 3 (3.8) 30 (17.0) 33 (13.0) 0.004
Othersa 13 (16.5) 32 (18.3) 45 (17.7) 0.724
Presence of complications Yes 56 (35.5) 58 (32.2) 108 (33.6) 0.061
No 91 (64.5) 122 (67.8) 213 (66.4)  
Types of complications Neuropathy 42 (75.0) 40 (61.5) 82 (67.8) 0.114
Nephropathy 7 (12.3) 9 (13.6) 16 (13) 0.824
Retinopathy 8 (14) 17 (25.4) 25 (20.2) 0.117
FBG, mg/dL Mean (± SD) 171.9 ± 49.7 178.1 ± 48.1 174.10 ± 48.9 < 0.001
 > 130 mg/dL 41 (28.6) 59 (32.8) 241 (74.6%) 0.003
LDL, mg/dL Mean (± SD) 109.1 ± 33 119 ± 50 115.7 ± 35.6 0.081
 ≥ 100 181 (74.2) 41 (36.3) 222 (62.2) 0.058
HDL, mg/dL Mean (± SD) 46 ± 16 44 ± 16 41.8 ± 10.2 0.624
 ≤ 40, male, ≤ 50, female 121 (49.6) 52 (46.0) 173 (48.5) 0.712
Triglycerides, mg/dL Mean (± SD) 159 ± 62 94 ± 118 158.2 ± 121.2 0.154
 ≥ 150 113 (46.3) 33 (29.2) 146 (40.9) 0.081
Total cholesterol, mg/dL Mean (± SD) 181 ± 34 193 ± 54 165.54 ± 38.3 0.067
 ≥ 200 mg/dL 68 (27.9) 29 (25.7) 97 (27.2) 0.121
Overall cholesterol level On target 21 (14.7) 109 (60.6) 130 (40.2)  
Not on target 122 (85.3) 71 (39.4) 193 (59.8) 0.171
eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2 ≤45 31 (12.7) 13 (11.50) 44 (12.3) 0.221
BP (mmHg), mean (± SD) Systolic BP 144.18 ± 47.24 139 ± 20 151.17 ± 62.07 0.415
Diastolic BP 84 ± 14 81 ± 9 85.11 ± 0.08 0.281
Systolic/diastolic >140/90 98 (40.2) 19 (16.8) 117 (32.8) 0.078
Risk factors Low (T2D alone) 141 (98.6) 93 (51.7) 234 (72.5) 0.031
Medium (2–3) 2 (1.4) 61 (33.9) 63 (19.5) 0.009
High (≥4) 0 (0.0) 26 (14.4) 26 (8.0) 0.002
  1. BMI body mass index, FBG fasting blood glucose, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, eGFR estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate, BP blood pressure, SD standard deviation
  2. aThyroid disorders, peptic ulcer disease, asthmatic