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Table 1 Characteristics of adults living with HIV on second-line treatment in Amhara Region (February 2008–April 2016) (n = 897)

From: Second-line antiretroviral therapy regimen change among adults living with HIV in Amhara region: a multi-centered retrospective follow-up study

Variables Frequency (%)
Gender
 Female 449 (50.1)
 Male 448 (49.9)
Age at switch
 15–24 92 (10.3)
 25–34 440 (49.1)
 35–44 271 (30.2)
 ≥ 45 94 (10.5)
BMI
 < 18.5 501 (55.9)
 18.5–24.99 324 (36.1)
 ≥ 25 72 (8.0)
Educational status
 No formal education 317 (35.3)
 Formal education 580 (64.7)
Occupation
 Unemployed 357 (39.8)
 Employed 283 (31.5)
 Others 257 (28.7)
WHO clinical stage
 I 433 (48.3)
 II 94 (10.5)
 III 300 (33.4)
 IV 70 (7.8)
CPT prophylaxis
 No 113 (12.6)
 Yes 784 (87.4)
Reason for switch
 Clinical failure 302 (33.7)
 Immunological failure 415 (46.3)
 Virological failure 140 (15.6)
 Drug toxicity 40 (4.5)
Functional status
 Working 773 (86.2)
 Ambulatory 109 (12.2)
 Bedridden 15 (1.7)
INH given
 No 694 (77.4)
 Yes 203 (22.6)
TB treatment
 No 749 (83.5)
 Yes 148 (16.5)
CD4 cell count
 ≥ 100 cells/mm3 340 (37.9)
 < 100 cells/mm3 557 (62.1)