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Table 3 The bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis showing factors associated with Chronic Energy Deficiency in peoples living with HIV/AIDS, Shebel Berenta woreda, East Gojjam, Amhara region, North West Ethiopia, 2017

From: Determinants of chronic energy deficiency among adults living with HIV in Shebel Berenta District, East Gojjam, Amhara region, North West Ethiopia, 2017: case control study

Variables BMI < 18.5 kg/m2cases BMI ≥ 18.5 kg//m2 controls COR at 95% CI AOR at 95% CI p-value
No % No %
WHO stage
 WHO stage 1 9 7 60 17 0.208 (0.097, 0.444) 0.285 (0.100, 0.810) 0.019
 WHCO stage 2 31 26 187 52 0.230 (0.142, 0.371) 0.409 (0.205, 0.816) 0.011
 WHO Stage 3 78 66 108 30 1 1  
Feeding style change
 Yes 20 17 270 76 0.060 (0.035, 0.105) 0.075 (0.038, 0.150) 0.000
 No 98 83 85 24 1 1  
CD4 cell count
 Up 200 cells/mm3 61 53 73 20 19.19 (7.36, 35.593) 13.398 (4.83, 37.19) 0.000
 201 up to 499 cells/mm3 49 42 127 36 7.475 (3.415, 16.362) 7.95 (2.982, 21.199) 0.019
 500 and above 8 7 155 44 1 1  
Family size
 One to three 207 58 48 40 0.283 (0.111, 0.722) 0.114 (0.027, 0.475) 0.003
 Four to five 137 38 61 52 0.544 (0.214, 1.381)   
 Six and above 11 3 9 7 1 1  
Interruption of treatment
 Yes 32 9 30 25 3.441 (1.983, 5.970) 2.276 (1.017, 5.094) 0.045
 No 323 91 88 74 1 1  
Monthly family income
 Up to 500 birr 68 19 25 21 3.860 (0.843, 17.670) 6.91 (1.069, 44.623) 0.042
 501 to 1000 birr 207 58 78 66 3.957 (0.906, 17.270)   
 1001 to 1500 birr 59 16 13 11 2.314 (0.481, 11.118)   
 Above 1500 birr 21 6 2 2 1 1  
Residence
 Rural 83 70 274 70 0.701 (0.440, 1.118) 0.376 (0.171, 0.826) 0.015
 Urban 35 30 81 30 1 1