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Table 2 Policy-level factors contributing to low NCD research output in Nigeria (N = 89)

From: Causes and remedies for low research productivity among postgraduate scholars and early career researchers on non-communicable diseases in Nigeria

Variables Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree
Underfunding of health research 52 (58.5) 25 (28.1) 8 (9.0) 2 (2.2) 2 (2.2)
Poor support from corporate entities for research sponsorship 28 (31.5) 36 (40.4) 16 (18.0) 4 (4.5) 5 (5.6)
Insecurity in the country 13 (14.6) 33 (37.1) 19 (21.3) 15 (16.9) 9 (10.1)
Brain drain 25 (28.1) 23 (25.8) 16 (18.0) 19 (21.3) 6 (6.7)
Lack of infrastructural facilities 28 (31.5) 36 (40.4) 8 (8.1) 13 (14.6) 4 (4.5)
Lack of recognition of scientists in the country 13 (14.6) 44 (49.4) 9 (10.1) 14 (15.7) 7 (7.9)
High level of unemployment among Nigerian scientists 16 (18.0) 39 (43.8) 13 (14.6) 18 (20.2) 3 (3.4)
Low number of research institutions 15 (16.9) 30 (33.7) 10 (11.2) 25 (28.1) 9 (10.1)
Limited use of research findings by policy makers 55 (61.8) 29 (32.6) 3 (3.3) 1 (1.1) 1 (1.1)