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Table 2 Association between socio-demographic factors and HIV infection type

From: Evaluation of hepatic and kidney dysfunction among newly diagnosed HIV patients with viral hepatitis infection in Cape Coast, Ghana

Characteristics HIV1 mono-infection
(n = 68)
HIV1/HBV co-infection
(n = 22)
p-value
Age, mean ± SD 42.9 ± 10.4 42.8 ± 8.2 0.984
Age group, n (%)
 18–35 15 (16.7) 5 (5.6) 0.808
 36–55 47 (52.2) 16 (17.8)
 56+ 6 (6.7) 1 (1.1)
Sex, n (%)
 Female 44 (48.9) 14 (15.6) 0.927
 Male 24 (26.7) 8 (8.9)
Marital status, n (%)
 Married 56 (62.2) 20 (22.2) 0.819
 Widowed 2 (2.2) 0 (0.0)
 Single 8 (8.9) 2 (2.2)
 Divorced 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0)
 Cohabiting 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0)
Occupational status, n (%)
 Employed 64 (71.2) 22 (24.4) 0.569
 Student/unemployed 4 (4.4) 0 (0.0)
Highest educational level, n (%)
 None 24 (26.7) 9 (10.0) 0.480
 Basic 37 (41.1) 13 (14.4)
 Secondary 6 (6.7) 0 0.0)
 Tertiary 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0)
  1. Unpaired t-test was used to compare the exact ages between the mono-infected and co-infected participants. Where SD = standard deviation of the mean ages. Association analyses between infection type and the socio-economic determinants were done using Pearson’s Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. A two-tailed p-value was considered significant at p < 0.05