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Table 2 Environmental and behavioral characteristics of households of the study area, February–April, 2017

From: Effect of community led total sanitation and hygiene (CLTSH) implementation program on latrine utilization among adult villagers of North Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables CLTSH Implemented
Yes (%) No (%)
Latrine availability (n = 776)
 No 124 (32) 158 (40.7)
 Yes 264 (68) 230 (59.3)
Place of defecation
 Open field 69 (55.6) 77 (48.7)
 Other 55 (44.4) 81 (51.3)
Service year of latrine (years)
 < 2 79 (29.9) 66 (28.7)
 > 2 185(70.1) 164 (71.3)
Maintenance of latrine required
 Yes 129 (49) 129 (50)
 No 134 (51) 101 (49)
Presence of squat hole cover
 No 162 (61.4) 131 (57)
 Yes 102 (38.6) 99 (43)
Presence of hand washing facility near latrine
 Present 11 (4.2) 15 (6.5)
 Absent 253 (95.8) 215 (93.5)
Distance of latrine to dwelling room (m)
 <6 40 (15.2) 18 (7.8)
 6–10 188 (71.2) 195 (84.8)
 > 10 36 (13.6) 17 (7.4)
Distance of home from kebelle
 Nearest to medium 249 (64.2) 223 (57.5)
 Far 139 (35.8) 165 (42.5)
Frequency of visit by local leaders per week
 Once 38 (9.8) 83 (21.4)
 Twice 148 (38.1) 146 (37.6)
 Three and above 202 (52.1) 159 (41.0)
Latrine utilization (n = 494)
 Yes 145 (54.9) 89 (38.7)
 No 119 (45.1) 141 (61.3)
Hand washing practice after using the toilet (= 776)
 Yes 241 (62.1) 211 (54.4)
 No 147 (37.9) 177 (45.6)
Water consumption per person per liter (= 776) (l)
 ≤ 10 132 (34) 101 (26)
 > 10 256 (66) 287 (74)
Presence of feces around the latrine (n = 494)
 Yes 92 (35.1) 106 (45.7)
 No 170 (64.9) 126 (54.3)
Presence of fresh excreta in the compound (n = 494)
 Yes 131 (33.8) 207 (53.4)
 No 257 (66.2) 181 (46.6)