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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical profiles of study participants (n = 315), Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia, 2016

From: Predictors of isolated systolic hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia

Variable Categories Frequency Percent
Age (in years) 22–46 81 25.7
47–55 84 26.7
56–62 81 25.7
63–87 69 21.9
Sex Male 162 51.4
Female 153 48.6
Religion Orthodox 117 37.1
Muslim 165 52.4
Protestant 21 6.7
Catholic 12 3.8
Marital status Married 138 43.8
Single 177 56.2
Educational level Grade 8 and lower 201 63.8
Grade 9–12 75 23.8
College and above 39 12.4
Residence Urban 222 70.5
Rural 93 29.5
Episodes of hypoglycemia Yes 63 20.0
No 252 80.0
Treatment option for DM Insulin only 30 9.5
OHA 210 66.7
Both insulin and OHA 75 23.8
Lifetime khat use Yes 165 52.4
No 150 47.6
Lifetime alcohol drink Yes 99 31.4
No 216 68.6
Lifetime cigarette smoking Yes 30 9.5
No 285 90.5
BMI Underweight 15 4.8
Normoweight 183 58.1
Overweight 117 37.1
Duration of DM (years) ≤ 7 207 65.7
> 7 108 34.3
FBS (mg/dl) ≤ 125 99 31.4
≥ 126 216 68.6
Monthly income (in ETB) Below 501 98 31.1
501–800 66 21.0
801–1500 78 24.8
> 1500 73 23.2
Occupation Employed 114 36.2
Unemployed 201 63.8
  1. OHA oral hypoglycemic agent, BMI body mass index, FBS fasting blood sugar, ETB Ethiopian Birr, DM diabetes mellitus