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Table 3 Predictors of isolated systolic hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in bivariable and logistic regression analysis (n = 315), Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia, 2016

From: Predictors of isolated systolic hypertension among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia

Variables Isolated systolic hypertension OR with 95% CI
Yes (%) No (%) COR AOR
Sex
 Male 33 (20.4) 129 (79.6) 2.1 (1.29–3.54) 2.4 (1.21–4.72)*
 Female 54 (35.3) 99 (64.7) 1 1
BMI
 Normoweight 63 (31.8) 135 (68.2) 1 1
 Overweight 24 (20.5) 93 (79.5) 1.81 (1.06–3.10) 1.97 (0.97–4.00)
Occupation
 Employed 24 (21.1) 90 (78.9) 1.71 (0.99–2.94) 3.22 (1.48–7.03)**
 Unemployed 63 (31.3) 138 (68.7) 1 1
Marital status
 Married 51 (37) 87 (63) 1 1
 Single 36 (20.3) 141 (79.7) 2.29 (1.39–3.79) 2.26 (1.13–4.51)*
FPG (mg/dl)
 ≤ 125 36 (36.4) 63 (63.6) 1  
 ≥ 126 51 (23.6) 165 (76.4) 1.85 (1.10–3.09)
Age in years
 22–46 21 (25.9) 60 (74.1) 1 1
 47–55 13 (15.5) 71 (84.5) 1.91 (0.88–4.14) 2.63 (1.03–6.70)*
 56–62 19 (23.5) 62 (76.5) 1.14 (0.56–2.33) 0.94 (0.39–2.25)
 ≥ 63 34 (49.3) 35 (50.7) 0.36 (0.18–0.72) 0.32 (0.13–0.78)*
Monthly income in ETB
 < 501 52 (53.1) 46 (46.9) 1 1
 501–800 6 (9.1) 60 (90.9) 11.3 (4.47–28.6) 21.9 (7.62–63.1)***
 801–1500 18 (23.1) 60 (76.9) 3.77 (1.95–7.29) 5.78 (2.55–13.1)***
 > 1500 11 (15.1) 62 (84.9) 6.37 (2.99–13.54) 4.23 (1.74–10.30)***
Educational status
 ≤ Grade 8 48 (23.9) 153 (76.1) 1.99 (0.97–4.10) 2.94 (1.10–7.85)*
 Grade 9–12 24 (32) 51 (68) 1.33 (0.59–2.98) 0.79 (0.27–2.28)
 ≥ College 15 (38.5) 24 (61.5) 1 1
  1. * Significant (p < 0.05)
  2. ** Significant (p < 0.01)
  3. *** Significant (p < 0.001)