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Table 1 Distribution of risky cultural, behavioral and institution related factors related to HBV infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care clinic at Felegehiwot referral Hospital from February to May, 2018, (n = 338)

From: Risk factors associated with hepatitis B virus infection among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Felegehiwot referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2018: an institution based cross sectional study

Characteristics HBV status of the mother
Frequency (%) Positive (%) Negative (%)
History of blood transfusions
 Yes 20 (5.9) 3 (15.0) 17 (85.0)
 No 318 (94.1) 13 (4.1) 305 (95.9)
History of dental extraction
 Yes 30 (8.9) 1 (3.3) 229 (90.7)
 No 308 (91.1) 15 (4.9) 293 (95.1)
History of surgical procedure
 Yes 41 (12.1) 1 (2.4) 40 (97.6)
 No 297 (87.9) 15 (5.1) 282 (94.9)
History of abortion or miscarriage
 Yes 78 (23.1) 4 (5.1) 74 (94.9)
 No 260 (76.9) 12 (4.6) 248 (95.4)
History of hospital admission
 Yes 92 (27.2) 4 (4.3) 88 (95.7)
 No 246 (72.8) 12 (4.9) 234 (95.1)
History of circumcision/FGM
 Yes 283 (83.7) 13 (4.6) 270 (95.4)
 No 55 (16.3) 3 (5.5) 52 (94.5)
Sharing of sharp materials
 Yes 32 (9.5) 3 (9.4) 29 (90.6)
 No 306 (90.5) 13 (4.2) 293 (95.8)
History of unprotected multiple sexual partners
 Yes 22 (6.5) 3 (13.6) 19 (86.4)
 No 316 (93.5) 13 (4.1) 303 (95.9)
History of unsafe injection of drugs
 Yes 5 (1.5) 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0)
 No 333 (98.5) 15 (4.5) 318 (95.5)
History of body tattooed
 Yes 178 (52.7) 12 (6.7) 166 (93.3)
 No 160 (47.3) 4 (2.5) 156 (97.5)
History of nose piercing
 Yes 10 (3) 0 (.0) 10 (100.0)
 No 328 (97) 16 (4.9) 312 (95.1)
History of ear piercing
 Yes 320 (94.7) 16 (5.0) 304 (95.0)
 No 18 (5.3) 0 (0.0) 18 (100.0)
History of traditional tonsillectomy
 Yes 97 (28.7) 10 (10.3) 87 (89.7)
 No 241 (71.3) 6 (2.5) 235 (97.5)