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Table 2 Factors associated with knowledge of Nurses towards EoLC in Amhara region Referral Hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017 (N = 331)

From: Knowledge, attitude and associated factors towards end of life care among nurses’ working in Amhara Referral Hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Factors Knowledge COR 95 (CI) AOR 95 (CI) p-value
Good (no) Poor (no)
Institution
 Hospital 1 66 (35.7%) 119 (64.3%) 1.381 (0.687–2.775)   
 Hospital 2 44 (45.8%) 52 (54.2%) 0.905 (0.475–1.725)   
 Hospital 3 19 (38.0%) 31 (62.0%) 1   
Sex
 Male 52 (35.9%) 93 (64.1%) 1   
 Female 77 (41.4%) 109 (58.6%) 1.263 (0.808–1.977)   
Age
 23–30 94 (41.8%) 131 (58.2%) 1   
 31–40 31 (34.1%) 60 (65.9%) 1.973 (0.610–6.387)   
 > 40 4 (26.7%) 11 (73.3.0%) 1.421 (0.418–4.831)   
Religion
 Orthodox 104 (40.0%) 156 (60.0%) 1   
 Muslim 12 (30.0%) 28 (70.0%) 0.643 (0.313–1.321)   
 Protestant 13 (41.9%) 18 (58.1%) 1.083 (.509–2.306)   
Educational
 Diploma 6 (13.3%) 39 (86.7%) 1   
 BSc. and above 123 (43.0%) 163 (57.0%) 4.905 (2.013–11.95) 4.261 (1.524–11.91) 0.006*
Marital status
 Single 89 (42.0%) 123 (58.0%) 1   
 Married 40 (33.6%) 79 (66.4%) 1.429 (0.895–2.282)   
Clinical area
 OPD 18 (22.5%) 62 (77.5%) 1   
 Emergency 27 (40.3%) 40 (59.7%) 2.325 (1.135–4.761) 4.91 (1.796–13.426) 0.002*
 Inpatient 84 (45.7%) 100 (54.3%) 2.893 (1.589–5.270) 5.85 (2.221–15.443) 0.000*
Working experience
 ≤ 5 95 (41.1%) 136 (58.9%) 1   
 6–10 24 (31.24%) 53 (68.8%) 0.648 (0.374–1.122)   
 > 10 10 (43.5%) 13 (56.5%) 1.101 (0.464–2.616)   
Experience in caring chronically ill
 Daily 76 (49.7%) 77 (50.3%) 2.809 (1.624–4.858) 2.764 (1.366–5.591) 0.005*
 Once per week 27 (34.6%) 51 (65.4%) 1.507 (0.790–2.875) 3.388 (1.364–8.415) 0.009*
 Once/month and less 26 (26.0%) 74 (74.0%) 1   
Experience of caring for a dying family member
 No 64 (28.6%) 160 (71.4%) 1   
 Yes 65 (60.7%) 42 (39.3%) 3.869 (2.384–6.280) 4.262 (2.390–7.603) 0.000*
EoLC training
 No 80 (29.7%) 189 (70.3%) 1   
 Yes 49 (79.0%) 13 (21.0%) 8.905 (4.57–17.315) 10.26 (4.730–22.29) 0.000*
Monthly salary
 ≤ 5000 28 (27.5%) 74 (72.5%) 1   
 > 5000 101 (44.1%) 128 (55.9%) 2.085 (1.256–3.463)   
  1. NB: variables having a (P ≤ 0.2) in bivariable (unadjusted) analysis included in the multivariable (adjusted) analysis
  2. AOR, adjusted odds ratio, COR Crude Odds Ratio, BSc Bachelor in Science, OPD out patient department
  3. *Statistically significant at p-value ≤ 0.05