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Table 2 Diseases related factors among Asthmatic patients on follow up at Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia, 2017

From: Determinants of poorly controlled asthma among asthmatic patients in Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia: a case control study

Variables Control Case
Frequency % Frequency %
Severity of the disease
 Mild 70 57.9 5 4.1
 Moderate 42 37.9 58 47.9
 Severe 9 7.4 58 47.9
Follow up in years
 < 5 years 64 52.9 33 27.3
 5–10 years 46 38.0 52 43.0
 > 10 years 11 9.1 36 29.8
Comorbid conditions
 Yes 8 6.6 39 32.2
 No 113 93.4 82 67.8
Types of comorbid conditions
 Depression 1 12.5 15 38.5
 Allergic rhinitis 3 37.5 7 17.9
 HTN (hypertention) 2 25.0 16 41.0
 DM (diabetic mellitus) 1 12.5 5 12.8
 Othersa 2 25.0 4 10.3
Precipitating diseases
 Yes 24 19.8 44 36.4
 No 97 80.2 77 63.6
Types of precipitating diseases
 GERD (gastro-esophagial reflex diseases or PUD (peptic ulcer diseases) 14 58.3 41 93.2
 CAP (community acquired pneumonia)     
 Or URI (upper respiratory infection) 25 33.3 11 25.3
 UTI (urinary tract infection) 4 16.7 2 4.5
 Any pain 1 4.2 4 9.1
Asthma exacerbation
 Yes 9 7.4 90 80.24
 No 112 92.6 24 19.8
Hospitalization
 Yes 1 0.8 15 12.4
 No 120 99.2 106 87.6
Cause of hospitalization
 Asthma 0 0.0 12 80.0
 Othersb 1 100 3 20.0
  1. aThyroid disorder, hepatitis, retro viral infection
  2. bPneumonia, peptic ulcer diseases