Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Predictors of poorly controlled asthma among asthmatic patients in Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia, 2017

From: Determinants of poorly controlled asthma among asthmatic patients in Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia: a case control study

Variables Control N = 121 Case N = 121 AOR (95% CI) P value
N (%) N (%)
Age
 18–34 40 (33.1) 16 (13.2) 1.00  
 35–54 52 (43.0) 34 (28.1) 0.63 (0.14–2.84) 0.554
 > 55 29 (24.0 71 (58.7) 1.03 (0.20–.5.26) 0.974
Residence
 Urban 72 (59.5) 42 (34.7) 1.00  
 Rural 49 (40.5) 79 (65.3) 1.25 (0.94–15.23) 0.1901
Smoking status
 Never 108 (89.3) 68 (56.2) 1.00  
 Past 9 (7.4) 37 (30.6) 0.99 (0.15–6.4) 0.475
 Current 4 (3.3) 16 (13.2) 2.54 (0.94–13.2) 0.511
Asthma knowledge
 Good 112 (92.6) 35 (28.9) 1.00  
 Poor 9 (7.4) 86 (71.1) 7.30 (1.72–30.85) 0.007
Asthma attitude
 Positive 89 (73.6) 53 (43.8) 1.00  
 Negative 32 (26.4) 68 (56.2) 5.10 (1.40–18.7) 0.014
Severity of asthma
 Mild 70 (57.9) 5 (4.1) 1.00  
 Moderate 42 (37.9) 58 (47.9) 13.47 (2.69–47.23) 0.002
 Severe 9 (7.4) 58 (47.9) 19.98 (7.03–78.89) < 0.001
Comorbidity
 No 113 (93.4) 82 (67.8) 1.00  
 Yes 8 (6.6) 39 (32.2) 3.27 (0.71–14.9) 0.126
ICS
 Yes 90 (74.4) 68 (56.2) 1.00  
 No 31 (25.6) 55 (43.8) 2.5 (0.95–2.3) 0.254
Level of adherence to ICS
 Adherent 76 (84.4) 13 (19.1) 1.00  
 None adherent 14 (15.6) 55 (80.9) 8.52 (2.41–13.45) 0.001