Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of patients to whom were prescribed antibiotics reserves (ARs) in pre- and intervention period

From: Antimicrobial stewardship effectiveness on rationalizing the use of last line of antibiotics in a short period with limited human resources: a single centre cohort study

Variable Preintervention perioda Intervention perioda p
N on AR/overall N 249/3038 (8%) 96/3156 (3%) < 0.001
Bed-days on AR/overall bed-days 3701/20,902 (18%) 1683/20,722 (8%) < 0.001
Age, median (min–max) 69 (19–93) 70 (20–89) 0.240
Male sex 146 (59%) 49 (51%) 0.851
Admitted ward
 Internal 190 (76%) 68 (71%) 0.530
 Intensive care unit (ICU) 32 (13%) 13 (14%) 0.106
 Surgery 18 (7%) 13 (14%) 0.013
 Neurology 7 (3%) 2 (2%) 1.000
 Psychiatry 2 (1%) 0 (0%) 1.000
Fever 173 (72%) 70 (73%) 0.350
Comorbidities 226 (91%) 87 (94%) 0.931
Main ICD at hospital admission
 Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99) 61 (24%) 18 (19%) 0.332
 Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99) 38 (15%) 15 (16%) 1.000
 Diseases of the digestive system (K00–K93) 34 (14%) 12 (12%) 0.863
 Malignant neoplasms (C00–C97) 25 (10%) 13 (14%) 0.459
 Diseases of the genitourinary system (N00–N99) 21 (8%) 12 (12%) 0.316
 Diseases of the circulatory system (I00–I99) 27 (11%) 6 (6%) 0.306
 Injuries (S00–T14) 14 (6%) 9 (9%) 0.242
 Other 29 (12%) 11 (11%) 0.143
  1. AR parenteral antibiotic reserves, ICD International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems
  2. aAll values are absolute frequencies with the percentage in parenthesis if not stated otherwise in a row