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Table 2 Prevalence of HbA1c stratified by BMI category and generation

From: Prevalence of diabetes among homeless and slum dwellers in Accra, Ghana: a survey study

  HbA1c (%) Total
< 5.9
n (%)
6.0–6.4
n (%)
≥ 6.5
n (%)
Age (years)
 20–29 41 (97) 0 (–) 1 (2.4) 42
 30–39 41 (83.7) 5 (10.2) 3 (6.1) 49
 40–49 17 (68) 6 (24) 2 (8) 25
 50–59 7 (77.8) 1 (11.1) 1 (11.1) 9
 60–69 3 (75) 1 (25) 0 (–) 4
 ≥ 70 1 (100) 0 (–) 0 (–) 1
 Total 110 (84.6) 13 (10) 7 (5.4) 130
BMI (kg/m2)
 Underweight 4 (100) 0 (–) 0 (–) 4
 Normal weight 44 (89.8) 4 (8.2) 1 (2) 49
 Overweight 36 (83.7) 4 (9.3) 3 (7) 43
 Obese 26 (76.5) 5 (14.7) 3 (8.8) 34
 Total 110 (84.6) 13 (10) 7 (5.4) 130
Blood glucose (mmol/L)
 Mean ± SD 5.07 ±0.514 6.495 ±0.268 11.38 ±3.898  
 Min–max 3.9–6.0 6.1–6.900 7.5–18.78  
  1. HbA1c = Glycated hemoglobin, BMI = body mass index, BMI of <18.5 = underweight, 18.5–24.9 = normal weight, 25–29.9 = overweight, ≥ 30 = Obese