Skip to main content

Table 3 Prevalence of diabetes stratified by background according to HbA1c levels

From: Prevalence of diabetes among homeless and slum dwellers in Accra, Ghana: a survey study

Background of participants Total n (%) HbA1c n (%)
≤ 5.9 6.0–6.4 ≥ 6.5
Total 130 (100) 110 (84.6) 13 (10) 7 (5.4)
Gender
 Male 59 51(86) 5 (8.5) 3 (5.1)
 Female 71 59 (83) 8 (11.3) 4 (5.6)
Duration of homelessness (years)
 ≤ 1 37 32 (86.5) 3 (8.1) 2 (7.4)
 2 52 42 (80.8) 7 (13.5) 3 (5.8)
 ≥ 3 41 36 (80.8) 3 (7.3) 2 (4.9)
Alcohol consumption
 Yes 4 2 (50.0) 1 (25) 1(25)*
 No 126 108 (85.7) 12 (9.5) 6 (4.8)*
Smoking
 Yes 1 1 (100.0) 0 (–) 0 (–)
 No 129 109 (84.5) 13 (10.1) 7 (5.4)
Education level
 No education 47 38 (80.9) 6 (12.8) 3 (6.3)
 Primary 29 24 (82.8) 3 (10.3) 2 (6.9)
 Middle/JHS 31 27 (87.1) 3 (9.7) 1(3.2)
 Voc/Tech/SHS/O’/A’ Level 21 19 (90.5) 1(4.8) 1(4.8)
 Tertiary 2 2 (100.0) 0 (–) 0 (–)
Ethnic background
 Northerners 91 80 (87.9) 8 (8.8) 3 (3.3)
 Other Ghanaians 24 18 (75.0) 4 (16.7) 2 (8.3)
 Non-Ghanaians 15 12 (80.0) 1 (6.7) 2 (13.3)
  1. *p < 0.0001