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Table 2 Distribution of delays and predictors of delay

From: Delays in diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients seeking care at a regional referral hospital, Uganda: a cross sectional study

Total delay n (%) Median  
Delay (> 4 weeks) 110 (82.1) 13 weeks  
No delay (< 4 weeks) 24 (17.9)   
Health facility delay  
 Delay (> 1 week) 59 (44.0) 1 week  
 No delay (< 1 week) 75 (56.0)   
Patient delay  
 Delay (> 3 weeks) 96 (71.6) 11 weeks  
 No delay (< 3 weeks) 38 (28.4)   
Treatment delay  
 Delay (> 0 days) 74 (58.7) 1 day  
 No delay (0 days) 52 (41.3)   
Factors associated with prolonged delay
Variable Total delay p-values (Fishers test)
Yes No
Sex   0.025**
 Female 65 (89.0) 8 (11.0)  
 Male 45 (73.8) 16 (26.2)
Occupation   0.001**
 Technical/professional 20 (100) 0 (0)  
 Peasant 58 (84.1) 11 (15.9)
 Student 17 (58.6) 12 (41.4)
 Unemployed (or HW) 15 (93.8) 1 (6.2)
Marital status    0.022**
 Married 37 (92.5) 3 (7.5)  
 Single 36 (69.2) 16 (30.8)
 Divorced/separated 30 (88.2) 4 (11.8)
 Widowed 7 (87.5) 1 (12.5)
Household size   0.361
Education level   0.699
 University or higher 6 (75) 2 (25)  
 Primary/middle/secondary 94 (81.7) 21 (18.3)
 Illiterate/read and write 10 (90.9) 1 (9.1)
Residence   0.336
 Urban 48 (82.8) 10 (17.2)  
 Peri-urban 40 (87.0) 6 (13.0)
 Rural 22 (73.3) 8 (28.7)
Smoking   0.835
 Never 81(82.7) 17 (17.3)  
 Current smoker 1 (100) 0 (0)
 Quit smoking 28 (80.0) 7 (20)
Stigma   0.019
Health facility whom you sought consultation: second   0.007**
 TB centre 22 (64.7) 12 (35.3)  
 Public hospital/outpatient clinic 66 (89.2) 8 (10.8)
 Private hospital/clinic 19 (90.5) 2 (9.5)
PHC well equipped   0.007**
 Best 53 (73.6) 19 (26.4)  
 Worst 57 (91.9) 5 (8.1)
Action taken   0.046**
 Sputum examination 52 (89.7) 6 (10.3)  
 Xray 14 (82.4) 3 (17.6)
 Both sputum and Xray 39 (73.6) 14 (26.4)
 Referral 0 (0) 1 (100)
 Others 5 (100) 0 (0)
Multivariate analysis
Variable Adjusted OR (95% CI) p > |Z|
Gender
 Female 0.231 (0.080–0.670) 0.007**
Occupation
 Unemployed 3.947 (1.382–11.274) 0.010**
Marital status
 Unmarried 3.364 (0.871–13.001) 0.079
Second health facility consulted
 Private 0.632 (0.177–2.254) 0.479
Knowledge on TB
 No knowledge 6.904 (1.648–28.921) 0.04**
Action taken
 Xray and sputum 2.412 (0.904–6.433) 0.904
  1. Unemployed (student, unemployed/housewife), employed (technical/professional, peasant), unmarried (single, divorced, separated, widower)
  2. ** Statistically significant at 0.05 level