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Table 2 Overview of evaluation methods in relation to the specific objectives, design and sample

From: A complex teamwork intervention in a surgical ward in Norway

Specific objectives Design Sample Evaluation methods
To explore the impact of an inter-professional teamwork intervention in a surgical ward with regard to teamwork and patient safety culture Quasi-experimental—controlled before-and after Healthcare personnel from the intervention ward and a control ward T-TPQ, T-TAQ, CSACD-T and HSOPS questionnaires before the intervention and after 12 months of intervention
To describe inter-professional team members’ perception of teamwork and the impact of implementation of a teamwork intervention in a surgical ward Qualitative descriptive Healthcare personnel from the intervention ward Focus group interviews before the intervention and after 6 months and 12 months of intervention
To explore patients’ perception of quality of care in relation to an inter-professional teamwork intervention in a surgical ward Quasi-experimental—uncontrolled before and after Patients from the intervention ward QPP questionnaire before the intervention and after a period of 6 months and 12 months of intervention
To explore the impact of an inter-professional teamwork intervention in a surgical ward regarding patient outcome and adverse events Quasi-experimental—time-series Hospital complication registries and data from patients’ medical records from the intervention ward Complication data, LOS, Global Trigger Tool data—before and during the 12-months intervention period
  1. T-TPQ TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Perceptions Questionnaire, T-TAQ TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Attitude Questionnaire, CSACD-T Collaboration and Satisfaction About Care Decisions in Team Questionnaire, HSOPS Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture Questionnaire, QPP Quality from Patient’s Perspective Questionnaire