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Table 2 Awareness on DM complications among type 2 DM patients at Addis Zemen Hospital, Ethiopia

From: Awareness of complications of diabetes mellitus and its associated factors among type 2 diabetic patients at Addis Zemen District Hospital, northwest Ethiopia

Variables Categories Number Percent
What is the normal fasting blood sugar level? < 70 mg/dl 38 9.5
70–110 mg/dl 77 19.2
> 126 mg/dl 6 1.5
Don’t know 281 69.9
What are the most common symptoms of high blood sugar? Increased thirst 309 76.9
Frequent urination 295 73.4
Blurring of vision 130 32.3
Weakness 185 46
Dry mouth 102 25.4
Confusion 30 7.5
What are the most common symptoms of low blood sugar? Palpitation 157 39.1
Tremor 220 54.7
Sweating 238 59.2
Blurring of vision 107 26.6
Decreased coordination 62 15.4
Which of the following complications can happen when diabetes is not well controlled? Diabetic foot 297 73.9
Eye complications 292 72.6
Heart complications 254 63.2
Neuropathy 217 54.0
Renal complications 216 53.7
Stroke 157 39.1
Teeth decay 130 32.3
Hypertension 142 35.3
Sexual dysfunction 102 25.4
Can dietary modification prevent diabetic complication? Yes 372 92.5
No 30 7.5
Can Stop smoking/and alcohol stopping prevent diabetic complication? Yes 367 91.3
No 35 8.7
Is physical work or exercise help to prevent diabetes complication? Yes 343 85.3
No 59 14.7
If you are beginning to have a low blood glucose reaction, you should? 1. Exercise 16 4.0
2. Lie down and rest 85 21.1
3. Drink some juice 193 48.0
4. Take rapid-acting insulin 108 26.9
What you should do when your blood sugar is raised? 1. Dietary modification 87 21.6
2. Physical exercise 10 2.5
3. Lowering stress 79 19.7
4. Take insulin 226 56.2
  1. DM diabetes mellitus